EPSG:3973 DEPRECATED

WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North

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Center coordinates
0.00 -5144806.91

Projected bounds:
-15725.35 9009951.04
974.38 558277.56

WGS84 bounds:
-180.0 0.0
180.0 90.0

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: WGS 84

Datum: World Geodetic System 1984

Ellipsoid: WGS 84

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: US National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Revision date: 2009-04-25

Scope: Gridding and small scale and digital mapping for environmental sciences.

Remarks: Alternative to NSIDC EASE-Grid North, CRS code 3408. Because of application of spherical projection method to an ellipsoid model of the earth the equal area properties are not maintained. See CRS 3408 info source for equations for EASE-Grid overlay.

Area of use: Northern hemisphere.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS for north polar azimuthal lonO 0°E. Axes: X,Y. Orientations: X along 90°E, Y along 180°E meridians. UoM: m.

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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",
    GEOGCS["WGS 84",
        DATUM["WGS_1984",
            SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],
    PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",0],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]
PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",
    GEOGCS["WGS 84",
        DATUM["WGS_1984",
            SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],
    PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",0],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["WGS_84_NSIDC_EASE_Grid_North",GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",90],PARAMETER["central_meridian",0],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:3973","+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-3973">
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CommonMetaData>
      <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
      <epsg:alias alias="WGS 84 / NSIDC EA North" code="6354" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
      <epsg:informationSource>US National Snow and Ice Data Center.</epsg:informationSource>
      <epsg:revisionDate>2009-04-25</epsg:revisionDate>
      <epsg:changes>
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.109" />
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2014.062" />
      </epsg:changes>
      <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
      <epsg:isDeprecated>true</epsg:isDeprecated>
    </epsg:CommonMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::3973</gml:identifier>
  <gml:name>WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North</gml:name>
  <gml:remarks>Alternative to NSIDC EASE-Grid North, CRS code 3408. Because of application of spherical projection method to an ellipsoid model of the earth the equal area properties are not maintained. See CRS 3408 info source for equations for EASE-Grid overlay.</gml:remarks>
  <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3475" />
  <gml:scope>Gridding and small scale and digital mapping for environmental sciences.</gml:scope>
  <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::3897" />
  <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326" />
  <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4469" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-3973">
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CommonMetaData>
      <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
      <epsg:alias alias="WGS 84 / NSIDC EA North" code="6354" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
      <epsg:informationSource>US National Snow and Ice Data Center.</epsg:informationSource>
      <epsg:revisionDate>2009-04-25</epsg:revisionDate>
      <epsg:changes>
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.109" />
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2014.062" />
      </epsg:changes>
      <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
      <epsg:isDeprecated>true</epsg:isDeprecated>
    </epsg:CommonMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::3973</gml:identifier>
  <gml:name>WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North</gml:name>
  <gml:remarks>Alternative to NSIDC EASE-Grid North, CRS code 3408. Because of application of spherical projection method to an ellipsoid model of the earth the equal area properties are not maintained. See CRS 3408 info source for equations for EASE-Grid overlay.</gml:remarks>
  <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3475" />
  <gml:scope>Gridding and small scale and digital mapping for environmental sciences.</gml:scope>
  <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::3897" />
  <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326" />
  <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4469" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs17663" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">3973</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs17664">
      <gml:srsName>WGS 84</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4326</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs17665">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17666" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17667" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs17668">
          <gml:datumName>WGS_1984</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6326</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs17669">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs17670">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>WGS 84</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7030</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378137</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.257223563</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs17671" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs17672">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17673" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17674" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs17663" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">3973</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs17664">
      <gml:srsName>WGS 84</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4326</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs17665">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17666" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17667" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs17668">
          <gml:datumName>WGS_1984</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6326</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs17669">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs17670">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>WGS 84</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7030</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378137</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.257223563</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs17671" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs17672">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17673" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs17674" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

3973=PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=laea"
	"lat_0=90"
	"lon_0=0"
	"x_0=0"
	"y_0=0"
	"datum=WGS84"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: MapServer - Python

wkt = '''PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]'''
m = mapObj('')
m.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())
lyr = layerObj(m)
lyr.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: Mapnik - Python

proj4 = '+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs'
m = Map(256,256,proj4)
lyr = Layer('Name',proj4)

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 3973, 'EPSG', 3973, '+proj=laea +lat_0=90 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=WGS84 +units=m +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid North",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_center",90],PARAMETER["longitude_of_center",0],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3973"]]

Definition: USGS

[11, 0, (0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 90000000.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), 12]