EPSG:4149

Geodetic coordinate system

CH1903

Covered area

Center coordinates
8.22606853 46.81630009

WGS84 bounds:
5.96 45.82
10.49 47.81

Selected transformation

Liechtenstein; Switzerland.

code 1766

Accuracy 1.5 m (default)
3 parameters

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Remarks: These parameters are derive from CH1903+ to ETRS89 (code 1647) and are used at lesser precision from CH1903 to WGS 84 as an approximation which is within the accuracy of the distortions in the CH1903 network. Replaces CH1903 to WGS 84 (1) (code 1753).

Information source: Bundesamt für Landestopografie swisstopo; www.swisstopo.ch. Aufbau der Landesvermessung der Schweiz 'LV95' Teil 3: Terrestrische Bezugssysteme und Bezugsrahmen. L+T 1999.

Revision date: 2015-11-25

Attributes

Unit: degree (supplier to define representation)

Geodetic CRS: CH1903

Datum: CH1903

Ellipsoid: Bessel 1841

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: Bundesamt für Landestopografie swisstopo; www.swisstopo.ch

Revision date: 2015-11-25

Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

GEOGCS["CH1903",
    DATUM["CH1903",
        SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],
        TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]
GEOGCS["CH1903",
    DATUM["CH1903",
        SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],
        TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

GEOGCS["CH1903",DATUM["D_CH1903",SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4149","+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="iogp-crs-4149">
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CommonMetaData>
      <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
      <epsg:informationSource>Bundesamt für Landestopografie swisstopo; www.swisstopo.ch</epsg:informationSource>
      <epsg:revisionDate>2015-11-25</epsg:revisionDate>
      <epsg:changes>
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2015.060" />
      </epsg:changes>
      <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
      <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
    </epsg:CommonMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:identifier codeSpace="IOGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4149</gml:identifier>
  <gml:name>CH1903</gml:name>
  <gml:remarks>Replaced by CH1903+.</gml:remarks>
  <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1286" />
  <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
  <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
  <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6149" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="iogp-crs-4149">
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CommonMetaData>
      <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
      <epsg:informationSource>Bundesamt für Landestopografie swisstopo; www.swisstopo.ch</epsg:informationSource>
      <epsg:revisionDate>2015-11-25</epsg:revisionDate>
      <epsg:changes>
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2015.060" />
      </epsg:changes>
      <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
      <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
    </epsg:CommonMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:identifier codeSpace="IOGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4149</gml:identifier>
  <gml:name>CH1903</gml:name>
  <gml:remarks>Replaced by CH1903+.</gml:remarks>
  <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1286" />
  <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
  <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
  <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6149" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs4390" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>CH1903</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4149</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs4391">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs4392" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs4393" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs4394">
      <gml:datumName>CH1903</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6149</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs4395">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs4396">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Bessel 1841</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7004</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6377397.155</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">299.1528128</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs4390" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>CH1903</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4149</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs4391">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs4392" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs4393" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs4394">
      <gml:datumName>CH1903</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6149</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs4395">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs4396">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Bessel 1841</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7004</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6377397.155</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">299.1528128</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

4149=GEOGCS["CH1903",DATUM["CH1903",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=longlat"
	"ellps=bessel"
	"towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: MapServer - Python

wkt = '''GEOGCS["CH1903",DATUM["CH1903",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]'''
m = mapObj('')
m.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())
lyr = layerObj(m)
lyr.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: Mapnik - Python

proj4 = '+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs'
m = Map(256,256,proj4)
lyr = Layer('Name',proj4)

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4149, 'EPSG', 4149, '+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0 +no_defs ', 'GEOGCS["CH1903",DATUM["CH1903",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

GEOGCS["CH1903",DATUM["CH1903",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],TOWGS84[674.4,15.1,405.3,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6149"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4149"]]