EPSG:4284

Pulkovo 1942

Available transformations

Selected transformation

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Derived via WGS72 values taken from SOCAR Magnavox 1502 manual. Used by AIOC 1995-1997 then replaced by the AIOC97 values (tfm code 1808). Do not confuse with AIOC95 vertical datum as used in southern Caspian Sea and at Sangachal terminal by AIOC.

Information source: BP

Revision date: 2017-10-16

Attributes

Unit: degree (supplier to define representation)

Geodetic CRS: Pulkovo 1942

Datum: Pulkovo 1942

Ellipsoid: Krassowsky 1940

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: Various industry sources.

Revision date: 2008-09-24

Center coordinates
48.25113922 40.24007558

WGS84 bounds:
44.77 37.89
51.73 42.59

Azerbaijan - onshore and offshore.
MapTiler banner

Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",
    DATUM["Pulkovo_1942",
        SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],
        TOWGS84[27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6284"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4284"]]
GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",
    DATUM["Pulkovo_1942",
        SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],
        TOWGS84[27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6284"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4284"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",DATUM["D_Pulkovo_1942",SPHEROID["Krasovsky_1940",6378245,298.3]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263 +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4284","+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263 +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-4284">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="S-42" code="4327" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301">
            <epsg:remarks>This name is ambiguous as it is also used for several CRSs.</epsg:remarks>
         </epsg:alias>
         <epsg:informationSource>Various industry sources.</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2008-09-24</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.011" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4284</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Pulkovo 1942</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Extended to Eastern Europe through Uniform Astro-Geodetic Network (UAGN) of 1956 - see CRS code 4179.</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2423" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6284" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-4284">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="S-42" code="4327" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301">
            <epsg:remarks>This name is ambiguous as it is also used for several CRSs.</epsg:remarks>
         </epsg:alias>
         <epsg:informationSource>Various industry sources.</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2008-09-24</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.011" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4284</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Pulkovo 1942</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Extended to Eastern Europe through Uniform Astro-Geodetic Network (UAGN) of 1956 - see CRS code 4179.</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2423" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6284" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs36670" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Pulkovo 1942</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4284</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs36671">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs36672" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs36673" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs36674">
      <gml:datumName>Pulkovo_1942</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6284</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs36675">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs36676">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Krassowsky 1940</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7024</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378245</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.3</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs36670" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Pulkovo 1942</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4284</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs36671">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs36672" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs36673" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs36674">
      <gml:datumName>Pulkovo_1942</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6284</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs36675">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs36676">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Krassowsky 1940</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7024</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378245</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.3</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

4284=GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6284"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4284"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=longlat"
	"ellps=krass"
	"towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263 +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263 +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4284, 'EPSG', 4284, '+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263 +no_defs ', 'GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6284"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4284"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[27,-135,-84.5,0,0,0.554,0.2263],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6284"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4284"]]