EPSG:6632

NAD83(PA11) / Hawaii zone 5

Covered area powered by MapTiler MapTiler logo

Center coordinates
502238.91180685 25836.54238253

Projected bounds:
486205.79399461 7018.60327024
518234.03396301 44671.05923083

WGS84 bounds:
-160.3 21.73
-159.99 22.07

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: NAD83(PA11)

Datum: NAD83 (National Spatial Reference System PA11)

Ellipsoid: GRS 1980

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: National Geodetic Survey

Revision date: 2013-10-17

Scope: Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.

Remarks: Replaces NAD83(HARN) / Hawaii zone 5 (CRS code 2786).

Area of use: United States (USA) - Hawaii - Niihau - onshore.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (X,Y). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["unnamed",
    GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",
        DATUM["unknown",
            SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["Meter",1],
    AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]
PROJCS["unnamed",
    GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",
        DATUM["unknown",
            SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["Meter",1],
    AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["Transverse_Mercator",GEOGCS["GCS_GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",DATUM["D_unknown",SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:6632","+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-6632">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD83(PA11) / Hawaii zone 5 (m)" code="31431" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301" />
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD83(PA11) / HI 5 (m)" code="31432" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:informationSource>National Geodetic Survey</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2013-10-17</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2013.023" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::6632</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD83(PA11) / Hawaii zone 5</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaces NAD83(HARN) / Hawaii zone 5 (CRS code 2786).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1550" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::15135" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::6322" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4499" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-6632">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD83(PA11) / Hawaii zone 5 (m)" code="31431" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301" />
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD83(PA11) / HI 5 (m)" code="31432" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:informationSource>National Geodetic Survey</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2013-10-17</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2013.023" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::6632</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD83(PA11) / Hawaii zone 5</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaces NAD83(HARN) / Hawaii zone 5 (CRS code 2786).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1550" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::15135" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::6322" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4499" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs52797" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>unnamed</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:epsg::">6632</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs52798">
      <gml:srsName>GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)</gml:srsName>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs52799">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52800" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52801" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs52802">
          <gml:datumName>unknown</gml:datumName>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs52803">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs52804">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>GRS80</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378137</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.257222101</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs52805">
      <gml:usesMethod xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:method:EPSG::9807" />
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">21.66666666666667</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8801" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">-160.1666666666667</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8802" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">1</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8805" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">500000</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8806" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">0</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8807" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
    </gml:Conversion>
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs52806">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52807" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52808" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs52797" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>unnamed</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:epsg::">6632</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs52798">
      <gml:srsName>GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)</gml:srsName>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs52799">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52800" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52801" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs52802">
          <gml:datumName>unknown</gml:datumName>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs52803">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs52804">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>GRS80</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378137</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.257222101</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs52805">
      <gml:usesMethod xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:method:EPSG::9807" />
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">21.66666666666667</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8801" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">-160.1666666666667</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8802" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">1</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8805" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">500000</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8806" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
      <gml:usesParameterValue>
        <gml:value gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">0</gml:value>
        <gml:valueOfParameter xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:parameter:EPSG::8807" />
      </gml:usesParameterValue>
    </gml:Conversion>
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs52806">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52807" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs52808" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

6632=PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=tmerc"
	"lat_0=21.66666666666667"
	"lon_0=-160.1666666666667"
	"k=1"
	"x_0=500000"
	"y_0=0"
	"ellps=GRS80"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: MapServer - Python

wkt = '''PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]'''
m = mapObj('')
m.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())
lyr = layerObj(m)
lyr.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: Mapnik - Python

proj4 = '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs'
m = Map(256,256,proj4)
lyr = Layer('Name',proj4)

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 6632, 'EPSG', 6632, '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=21.66666666666667 +lon_0=-160.1666666666667 +k=1 +x_0=500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +units=m +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["GRS 1980(IUGG, 1980)",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["GRS80",6378137,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",21.66666666666667],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-160.1666666666667],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","6632"]]

Definition: USGS

[9, 0, (0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 0.0, -160010000.0, 21040000.0, 500000.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), 8]