EPSG:4178

Geodetic coordinate system

Pulkovo 1942(83)

Covered area

Center coordinates
17.32669789 49.39535585

WGS84 bounds:
12.09 47.73
22.56 51.06

Available transformations:

Selected transformation

Czech Republic; Slovakia.

code 15998

Accuracy 5.0 m (default)
3 parameters

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Derived at 6 stations.

Information source: U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency TR8350.2 revision of October 1997; http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/tr8350/tr8350_2.html

Revision date: 2014-11-19

Attributes

Unit: degree (supplier to define representation)

Geodetic CRS: Pulkovo 1942(83)

Datum: Pulkovo 1942(83)

Ellipsoid: Krassowsky 1940

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie via EuroGeographics; http://crs.bkg.bund.de/crs-eu/

Revision date: 2012-01-05

Scope: Geodetic survey.

Remarks: Replaces 1956 adjustment (CRS code 4179). In Brandenburg replaced by ETRS89. In Sachsen and Thuringen replaced by RD83 and PD/83 which for practical purposes may be considered to be the same as DHDN.

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Area of use: Onshore Czech Republic, Germany (former DDR), Hungary and Slovakia.

Coordinate system: Ellipsoidal 2D CS. Axes: latitude, longitude. Orientations: north, east. UoM: degree

Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",
    DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",
        SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],
        TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]
GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",
    DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",
        SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],
        TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",DATUM["D_Pulkovo_1942_Adj_1983",SPHEROID["Krasovsky_1940",6378245,298.3]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4178","+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-4178">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="42/83" code="1247" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7307" />
         <epsg:alias alias="Uniform Astro-Geodetic Network (UAGN) 1983" code="4320" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301" />
         <epsg:alias alias="S-42" code="4323" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301">
            <epsg:remarks>This name is ambiguous as it is also used for several CRSs.</epsg:remarks>
         </epsg:alias>
         <epsg:informationSource>Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie via EuroGeographics; http://crs.bkg.bund.de/crs-eu/</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2012-01-05</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.011" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2011.082" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4178</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Pulkovo 1942(83)</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaces 1956 adjustment (CRS code 4179). In Brandenburg replaced by ETRS89. In Sachsen and Thuringen replaced by RD83 and PD/83 which for practical purposes may be considered to be the same as DHDN.</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3900" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6178" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-4178">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="42/83" code="1247" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7307" />
         <epsg:alias alias="Uniform Astro-Geodetic Network (UAGN) 1983" code="4320" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301" />
         <epsg:alias alias="S-42" code="4323" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7301">
            <epsg:remarks>This name is ambiguous as it is also used for several CRSs.</epsg:remarks>
         </epsg:alias>
         <epsg:informationSource>Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie via EuroGeographics; http://crs.bkg.bund.de/crs-eu/</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2012-01-05</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2008.011" />
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2011.082" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4178</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Pulkovo 1942(83)</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaces 1956 adjustment (CRS code 4179). In Brandenburg replaced by ETRS89. In Sachsen and Thuringen replaced by RD83 and PD/83 which for practical purposes may be considered to be the same as DHDN.</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3900" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6178" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs262" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Pulkovo 1942(83)</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4178</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs263">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs264" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs265" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs266">
      <gml:datumName>Pulkovo_1942_83</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6178</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs267">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs268">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Krassowsky 1940</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7024</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378245</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.3</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs262" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Pulkovo 1942(83)</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4178</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs263">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs264" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs265" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs266">
      <gml:datumName>Pulkovo_1942_83</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6178</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs267">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs268">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Krassowsky 1940</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7024</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378245</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">298.3</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

4178=GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=longlat"
	"ellps=krass"
	"towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: MapServer - Python

wkt = '''GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]'''
m = mapObj('')
m.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())
lyr = layerObj(m)
lyr.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: Mapnik - Python

proj4 = '+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs'
m = Map(256,256,proj4)
lyr = Layer('Name',proj4)

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4178, 'EPSG', 4178, '+proj=longlat +ellps=krass +towgs84=26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0 +no_defs ', 'GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

GEOGCS["Pulkovo 1942(83)",DATUM["Pulkovo_1942_83",SPHEROID["Krassowsky 1940",6378245,298.3,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7024"]],TOWGS84[26,-121,-78,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6178"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4178"]]