Geographic3D to GravityRelatedHeight (NRCan byn)


Data source: EPSG

Information source: Geodetic Survey Division, Natural Resources Canada.

Revision date: 2022-06-29

Remarks: For consistency with earlier models the Information Source references software which uses bi-quadratic interpolation of the grid. Bi-linear interpolation will give results agreeing to within 1cm 99.97% of the time. See Info Source for file format doc.


This transformation involves the application of a geoid-ellipsoid separation value interpolated from a geoid model. The model provides separation values at the nodes on a regular grid of latitude and longitude intersection points. The geodetic latitude and longitude used to interpolate within the grid are not affected by this transformation.

The grid is referenced to a specific geographic CRS (the horizontal component of the source CRS) and interpolation must be made in the latitude and longitude of this system.

Calculation of the separation is achieved through a bi-quadratic interpolation of the grid, using the latitude and longitude of the point. This step provides the geoid-ellipsoid separation (N) above the ellipsoid of the source Geographic 3D CRS.

           H = h - N

where h = the height above the ellipsoid in the source geographic 3D CRS
and   H = the gravity-related height in the target vertical CRS.
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