EPSG:24878

PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326

Selected transformation

Method: Coordinate Frame rotation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Parameter values from PSAD56 to SIRGAS 1995 (1) (code 3971). Assumes SIRGAS 1995 and WGS 84 can be considered the same to within the accuracy of the transformation.

Information source: IGM Ecuador

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: PSAD56

Datum: Provisional South American Datum 1956

Ellipsoid: International 1924

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Revision date: 1995-06-02

Center coordinates
152582.39 9802533.42

Projected bounds:
-172472.75 9442714.73
476487.39 10160739.07

WGS84 bounds:
-81.03 -5.01
-75.21 1.45

Ecuador - mainland - onshore.
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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

PROJCS["PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S",
    GEOGCS["PSAD56",
        DATUM["Provisional_South_American_Datum_1956",
            SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],
            TOWGS84[-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4248"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","24878"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[
    SOURCECRS[
        PROJCRS["PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S",
            BASEGEOGCRS["PSAD56",
                DATUM["Provisional South American Datum 1956",
                    ELLIPSOID["International 1924",6378388,297,
                        LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
                PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                ID["EPSG",4248]],
            CONVERSION["UTM zone 18S",
                METHOD["Transverse Mercator",
                    ID["EPSG",9807]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8801]],
                PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",-75,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8802]],
                PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",0.9996,
                    SCALEUNIT["unity",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8805]],
                PARAMETER["False easting",500000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8806]],
                PARAMETER["False northing",10000000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8807]]],
            CS[Cartesian,2],
                AXIS["(E)",east,
                    ORDER[1],
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                AXIS["(N)",north,
                    ORDER[2],
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
                AREA["South America (Chile - north of 45°S; Ecuador; Peru) between 78°W and 72°W, southern hemisphere, onshore."],
                BBOX[-43.5,-78,0,-71.99]],
            ID["EPSG",24878]]],
    TARGETCRS[
        GEOGCRS["WGS 84",
            ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],
                ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],
            PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            CS[ellipsoidal,2],
                AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,
                    ORDER[1],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,
                    ORDER[2],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],
                AREA["World."],
                BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],
            ID["EPSG",4326]]],
    ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["Transformation from unknown to WGS84",
        METHOD["Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",
            ID["EPSG",9606]],
        PARAMETER["X-axis translation",-60.31,
            ID["EPSG",8605]],
        PARAMETER["Y-axis translation",245.935,
            ID["EPSG",8606]],
        PARAMETER["Z-axis translation",31.008,
            ID["EPSG",8607]],
        PARAMETER["X-axis rotation",-12.324,
            ID["EPSG",8608]],
        PARAMETER["Y-axis rotation",-3.755,
            ID["EPSG",8609]],
        PARAMETER["Z-axis rotation",7.37,
            ID["EPSG",8610]],
        PARAMETER["Scale difference",1.000000447,
            ID["EPSG",8611]]]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

PROJCS["PSAD_1956_UTM_Zone_18S",
    GEOGCS["GCS_Provisional_S_American_1956",
        DATUM["D_Provisional_S_American_1956",
            SPHEROID["International_1924",6378388.0,297.0]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
        UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["False_Easting",500000.0],
    PARAMETER["False_Northing",10000000.0],
    PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",-75.0],
    PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",0.9996],
    PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],
    UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=intl +towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:24878","+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=intl +towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "PSAD56",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "Provisional South American Datum 1956",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "International 1924",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6378388,
                    "inverse_flattening": 297
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4248
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "UTM zone 18S",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": -75,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 0.9996,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 500000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": 10000000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "E",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "metre"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "N",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "metre"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 24878
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1166
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1152
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1153
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1154
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1155
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1156
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1309
                    }
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 6326
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "Transformation from unknown to WGS84",
        "method": {
            "name": "Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9606
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "X-axis translation",
                "value": -60.31,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8605
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis translation",
                "value": 245.935,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8606
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis translation",
                "value": 31.008,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8607
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "X-axis rotation",
                "value": -12.324,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8608
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis rotation",
                "value": -3.755,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8609
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis rotation",
                "value": 7.37,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8610
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Scale difference",
                "value": 0.447,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "ScaleUnit",
                    "name": "parts per million",
                    "conversion_factor": 1e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8611
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

24878=PROJCS["PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S",GEOGCS["PSAD56",DATUM["Provisional_South_American_Datum_1956",SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],TOWGS84[-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4248"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","24878"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=utm"
	"zone=18"
	"south"
	"ellps=intl"
	"towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=intl +towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=intl +towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 24878, 'EPSG', 24878, '+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=intl +towgs84=-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["PSAD56 / UTM zone 18S",GEOGCS["PSAD56",DATUM["Provisional_South_American_Datum_1956",SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],TOWGS84[-60.31,245.935,31.008,-12.324,-3.755,7.37,0.447]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4248"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","24878"]]');