EPSG:27291

NZGD49 / North Island Grid

Selected transformation

Method: NTv2

Grid Files: nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb

Remarks: Parameter file is from NZGD49 to NZGD2000 (3) (code 1568) and assumes WGS 84 is coincident with NZGD2000 to the accuracy of the transformation.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Attributes

Unit: British yard (Sears 1922)

Geodetic CRS: NZGD49

Datum: New Zealand Geodetic Datum 1949

Ellipsoid: International 1924

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Revision date: 2000-10-19

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: Sears 1922 British foot-metre conversion factor applied to ellipsoid. Replaced by 27200 (GD49 / New Zealand Map Grid) in 1972.

Area of use: New Zealand - North Island.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: ydSe.

Center coordinates
29433.64 180335.46

Projected bounds:
-440904.37 -694470.23
678672.37 936974.61

WGS84 bounds:
165.87 -47.65
179.27 -33.89

New Zealand - North Island, South Island, Stewart Island - onshore and nearshore.
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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

PROJCS["NZGD49 / North Island Grid",
    GEOGCS["NZGD49",
        DATUM["New_Zealand_Geodetic_Datum_1949",
            SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],
            EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4272"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",-39],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",175.5],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",300000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",400000],
    UNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","27291"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[
    SOURCECRS[
        PROJCRS["NZGD49 / North Island Grid",
            BASEGEOGCRS["NZGD49",
                DATUM["New Zealand Geodetic Datum 1949",
                    ELLIPSOID["International 1924",6378388,297,
                        LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
                PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                ID["EPSG",4272]],
            CONVERSION["New Zealand North Island National Grid",
                METHOD["Transverse Mercator",
                    ID["EPSG",9807]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",-39,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8801]],
                PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",175.5,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8802]],
                PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",1,
                    SCALEUNIT["unity",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8805]],
                PARAMETER["False easting",300000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029],
                    ID["EPSG",8806]],
                PARAMETER["False northing",400000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029],
                    ID["EPSG",8807]]],
            CS[Cartesian,2],
                AXIS["(E)",east,
                    ORDER[1],
                    LENGTHUNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029]],
                AXIS["(N)",north,
                    ORDER[2],
                    LENGTHUNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
                AREA["New Zealand - North Island."],
                BBOX[-41.67,171.99,-34.1,178.63]],
            ID["EPSG",27291]]],
    TARGETCRS[
        GEOGCRS["WGS 84",
            ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],
                ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],
            PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            CS[ellipsoidal,2],
                AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,
                    ORDER[1],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,
                    ORDER[2],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],
                AREA["World."],
                BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],
            ID["EPSG",4326]]],
    ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["NZGD49 to WGS 84 (3)",
        METHOD["NTv2",
            ID["EPSG",9615]],
        PARAMETERFILE["Latitude and longitude difference file","nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"],
        USAGE[
            SCOPE["(null/copy) Approximation for medium and low accuracy applications assuming equality between plate-fixed static and earth-fixed dynamic CRSs, ignoring static/dynamic CRS differences."],
            AREA["New Zealand - North Island, South Island, Stewart Island - onshore and nearshore."],
            BBOX[-47.65,165.87,-33.89,179.27]],
        ID["EPSG",1670],
        REMARK["Parameter file is from NZGD49 to NZGD2000 (3) (code 1568) and assumes WGS 84 is coincident with NZGD2000 to the accuracy of the transformation."]]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

PROJCS["New_Zealand_North_Island",
    GEOGCS["GCS_New_Zealand_1949",
        DATUM["D_New_Zealand_1949",
            SPHEROID["International_1924",6378388.0,297.0],
            EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
        UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["False_Easting",300000.0],
    PARAMETER["False_Northing",400000.0],
    PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",175.5],
    PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],
    PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",-39.0],
    UNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=-39 +lon_0=175.5 +k=1 +x_0=274319.524384809 +y_0=365759.365846412 +ellps=intl +nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb +to_meter=0.914398414616029 +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:27291","+proj=tmerc +lat_0=-39 +lon_0=175.5 +k=1 +x_0=274319.524384809 +y_0=365759.365846412 +ellps=intl +nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb +to_meter=0.914398414616029 +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "NZGD49 / North Island Grid",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "NZGD49",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "New Zealand Geodetic Datum 1949",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "International 1924",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6378388,
                    "inverse_flattening": 297
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4272
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "New Zealand North Island National Grid",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": -39,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 175.5,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 1,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 300000,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "British yard (Sears 1922)",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.914398414616029
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": 400000,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "British yard (Sears 1922)",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.914398414616029
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "E",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "British yard (Sears 1922)",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.914398414616029
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "N",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "British yard (Sears 1922)",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.914398414616029
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 27291
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1166
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1152
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1153
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1154
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1155
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1156
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1309
                    }
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 6326
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "NZGD49 to WGS 84 (3)",
        "method": {
            "name": "NTv2",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9615
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude and longitude difference file",
                "value": "nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8656
                }
            }
        ],
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 1670
        }
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

27291=PROJCS["NZGD49 / North Island Grid",GEOGCS["NZGD49",DATUM["New_Zealand_Geodetic_Datum_1949",SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4272"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",-39],PARAMETER["central_meridian",175.5],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",300000],PARAMETER["false_northing",400000],UNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","27291"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=tmerc"
	"lat_0=-39"
	"lon_0=175.5"
	"k=1"
	"x_0=274319.524384809"
	"y_0=365759.365846412"
	"ellps=intl"
	"nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"
	"to_meter=0.914398414616029"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=-39 +lon_0=175.5 +k=1 +x_0=274319.524384809 +y_0=365759.365846412 +ellps=intl +nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb +to_meter=0.914398414616029 +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=-39 +lon_0=175.5 +k=1 +x_0=274319.524384809 +y_0=365759.365846412 +ellps=intl +nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb +to_meter=0.914398414616029 +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 27291, 'EPSG', 27291, '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=-39 +lon_0=175.5 +k=1 +x_0=274319.524384809 +y_0=365759.365846412 +ellps=intl +nadgrids=nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb +to_meter=0.914398414616029 +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["NZGD49 / North Island Grid",GEOGCS["NZGD49",DATUM["New_Zealand_Geodetic_Datum_1949",SPHEROID["International 1924",6378388,297],EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","nzgd2kgrid0005.gsb"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4272"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",-39],PARAMETER["central_meridian",175.5],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",300000],PARAMETER["false_northing",400000],UNIT["British yard (Sears 1922)",0.914398414616029],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","27291"]]');