EPSG:28991

Amersfoort / RD Old

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326

Selected transformation

Remarks: Parameter values for step 1 from Amersfoort to ETRS89 (2) (code 1751). Step 2 assumes that ETRS89 is equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of the transformation. Supersedes Amersfoort to WGS 84 (1) (code 1112).

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2000-10-19

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: Amersfoort

Datum: Amersfoort

Ellipsoid: Bessel 1841

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Revision date: 2000-03-07

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: Replaced by 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New).

Area of use: Netherlands - onshore, including Waddenzee, Dutch Wadden Islands and 12-mile offshore coastal zone.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (X,Y). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
-12107.81 7783.87

Projected bounds:
-154353.64 -156328.99
129347.25 174111.02

WGS84 bounds:
3.2 50.75
7.22 53.7

Netherlands - onshore, including Waddenzee, Dutch Wadden Islands and 12-mile offshore coastal zone.
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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

PROJCS["Amersfoort / RD Old",
    GEOGCS["Amersfoort",
        DATUM["Amersfoort",
            SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6289"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4289"]],
    PROJECTION["Oblique_Stereographic"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",52.1561605555556],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",5.38763888888889],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9999079],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",0],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","28991"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

PROJCRS["Amersfoort / RD Old",
    BASEGEOGCRS["Amersfoort",
        DATUM["Amersfoort",
            ELLIPSOID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,
                LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
        ID["EPSG",4289]],
    CONVERSION["RD Old",
        METHOD["Oblique Stereographic",
            ID["EPSG",9809]],
        PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",52.1561605555556,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
            ID["EPSG",8801]],
        PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",5.38763888888889,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
            ID["EPSG",8802]],
        PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",0.9999079,
            SCALEUNIT["unity",1],
            ID["EPSG",8805]],
        PARAMETER["False easting",0,
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
            ID["EPSG",8806]],
        PARAMETER["False northing",0,
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
            ID["EPSG",8807]]],
    CS[Cartesian,2],
        AXIS["easting (X)",east,
            ORDER[1],
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
        AXIS["northing (Y)",north,
            ORDER[2],
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
    USAGE[
        SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
        AREA["Netherlands - onshore, including Waddenzee, Dutch Wadden Islands and 12-mile offshore coastal zone."],
        BBOX[50.75,3.2,53.7,7.22]],
    ID["EPSG",28991]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

PROJCS["RD_Old",
    GEOGCS["GCS_Amersfoort",
        DATUM["D_Amersfoort",
            SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
        UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Double_Stereographic"],
    PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0],
    PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],
    PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",5.38763888888889],
    PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",0.9999079],
    PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",52.1561605555556],
    UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.1561605555556 +lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.9999079 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:28991","+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.1561605555556 +lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.9999079 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "ProjectedCRS",
    "name": "Amersfoort / RD Old",
    "base_crs": {
        "name": "Amersfoort",
        "datum": {
            "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
            "name": "Amersfoort",
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "Bessel 1841",
                "semi_major_axis": 6377397.155,
                "inverse_flattening": 299.1528128
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4289
        }
    },
    "conversion": {
        "name": "RD Old",
        "method": {
            "name": "Oblique Stereographic",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9809
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                "value": 52.1561605555556,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8801
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                "value": 5.38763888888889,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8802
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                "value": 0.9999079,
                "unit": "unity",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8805
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False easting",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8806
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False northing",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8807
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "coordinate_system": {
        "subtype": "Cartesian",
        "axis": [
            {
                "name": "Easting",
                "abbreviation": "X",
                "direction": "east",
                "unit": "metre"
            },
            {
                "name": "Northing",
                "abbreviation": "Y",
                "direction": "north",
                "unit": "metre"
            }
        ]
    },
    "scope": "Engineering survey, topographic mapping.",
    "area": "Netherlands - onshore, including Waddenzee, Dutch Wadden Islands and 12-mile offshore coastal zone.",
    "bbox": {
        "south_latitude": 50.75,
        "west_longitude": 3.2,
        "north_latitude": 53.7,
        "east_longitude": 7.22
    },
    "id": {
        "authority": "EPSG",
        "code": 28991
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

28991=PROJCS["Amersfoort / RD Old",GEOGCS["Amersfoort",DATUM["Amersfoort",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6289"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4289"]],PROJECTION["Oblique_Stereographic"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",52.1561605555556],PARAMETER["central_meridian",5.38763888888889],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9999079],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28991"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=sterea"
	"lat_0=52.1561605555556"
	"lon_0=5.38763888888889"
	"k=0.9999079"
	"x_0=0"
	"y_0=0"
	"ellps=bessel"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.1561605555556 +lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.9999079 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.1561605555556 +lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.9999079 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 28991, 'EPSG', 28991, '+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.1561605555556 +lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.9999079 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["Amersfoort / RD Old",GEOGCS["Amersfoort",DATUM["Amersfoort",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6289"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4289"]],PROJECTION["Oblique_Stereographic"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",52.1561605555556],PARAMETER["central_meridian",5.38763888888889],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9999079],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28991"]]');