EPSG:29188

SAD69 / UTM zone 18S

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326

Selected transformation

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Parameter values taken from SAD69 to SIRGAS 2000 (1) (tfm code 15485) assuming that SIRGAS 2000 and WGS 84 are equal within the accuracy of the transformation. Used by ANP and Petrobras throughout Brazil from 1994, replacing use of tfm code 1877.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2021-09-23

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: SAD69

Datum: South American Datum 1969

Ellipsoid: GRS 1967 Modified

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Revision date: 2011-03-21

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: Uses GRS 1967 ellipsoid with 1/f to exactly 2 decimal places.

Area of use: Brazil - west of 72°W. In rest of South America between 78°W and 72°W, southern hemisphere onshore north of 45°S.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
3316093.89 8253140.77

Projected bounds:
589617.73 6047793.49
6816865.44 11200790.34

WGS84 bounds:
-74.01 -35.71
-25.28 7.04

Brazil - onshore and offshore. Includes Rocas, Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Trindade, Ihlas Martim Vaz and Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",
    GEOGCS["SAD69",
        DATUM["South_American_Datum_1969",
            SPHEROID["GRS 1967 Modified",6378160,298.25],
            TOWGS84[-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4618"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],
    UNIT["metre",1],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","29188"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["SAD_1969_UTM_Zone_18S",GEOGCS["GCS_South_American_1969",DATUM["D_South_American_1969",SPHEROID["GRS_1967_Truncated",6378160.0,298.25]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",500000.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",10000000.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",-75.0],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=aust_SA +towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:29188","+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=aust_SA +towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.4/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "SAD69",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "South American Datum 1969",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "GRS 1967 Modified",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6378160,
                    "inverse_flattening": 298.25
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4618
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "UTM zone 18S",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": -75,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 0.9996,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 500000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": 10000000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "E",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "metre"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "N",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "metre"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 29188
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0"
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "Transformation from unknown to WGS84",
        "method": {
            "name": "Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9606
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "X-axis translation",
                "value": -67.35,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8605
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis translation",
                "value": 3.88,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8606
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis translation",
                "value": -38.22,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8607
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "X-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8608
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8609
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8610
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Scale difference",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "ScaleUnit",
                    "name": "parts per million",
                    "conversion_factor": 1e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8611
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

29188=PROJCS["SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",GEOGCS["SAD69",DATUM["South_American_Datum_1969",SPHEROID["GRS 1967 Modified",6378160,298.25],TOWGS84[-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4618"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","29188"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=utm"
	"zone=18"
	"south"
	"ellps=aust_SA"
	"towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=aust_SA +towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=aust_SA +towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 29188, 'EPSG', 29188, '+proj=utm +zone=18 +south +ellps=aust_SA +towgs84=-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",GEOGCS["SAD69",DATUM["South_American_Datum_1969",SPHEROID["GRS 1967 Modified",6378160,298.25],TOWGS84[-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4618"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","29188"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",GEOGCS["SAD69",DATUM["South_American_Datum_1969",SPHEROID["GRS 1967 Modified",6378160,298.25],TOWGS84[-67.35,3.88,-38.22,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4618"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","29188"]]

Definition: OGC WKT 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[SOURCECRS[PROJCRS["SAD69 / UTM zone 18S",BASEGEOGCRS["SAD69",DATUM["South American Datum 1969",ELLIPSOID["GRS 1967 Modified",6378160,298.25,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],ID["EPSG",4618]],CONVERSION["UTM zone 18S",METHOD["Transverse Mercator",ID["EPSG",9807]],PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8801]],PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",-75,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8802]],PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",0.9996,SCALEUNIT["unity",1],ID["EPSG",8805]],PARAMETER["False easting",500000,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8806]],PARAMETER["False northing",10000000,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8807]]],CS[Cartesian,2],AXIS["(E)",east,ORDER[1],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],AXIS["(N)",north,ORDER[2],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],USAGE[SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],AREA["Brazil - west of 72°W. In rest of South America between 78°W and 72°W, southern hemisphere onshore north of 45°S."],BBOX[-45,-78,0,-71.99]],ID["EPSG",29188]]],TARGETCRS[GEOGCRS["WGS 84",ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],CS[ellipsoidal,2],AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,ORDER[1],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,ORDER[2],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],USAGE[SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],AREA["World."],BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],ID["EPSG",4326]]],ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["Transformation from unknown to WGS84",METHOD["Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",ID["EPSG",9606]],PARAMETER["X-axis translation",-67.35,ID["EPSG",8605]],PARAMETER["Y-axis translation",3.88,ID["EPSG",8606]],PARAMETER["Z-axis translation",-38.22,ID["EPSG",8607]],PARAMETER["X-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8608]],PARAMETER["Y-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8609]],PARAMETER["Z-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8610]],PARAMETER["Scale difference",1,ID["EPSG",8611]]]]