EPSG:31468

DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4

Selected transformation

Method: NTv2

Grid Files: BETA2007.gsb

Remarks: These parameter values are taken from DHDN to ETRS89 (8) (code 15948) as ETRS89 may be considered equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of the transformation.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2021-09-23

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: DHDN

Datum: Deutsches Hauptdreiecksnetz

Ellipsoid: Bessel 1841

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Information source: Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie via EuroGeographics; http://crs.bkg.bund.de/crs-eu/

Revision date: 2012-01-21

Scope: Cadastre, engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: Zone width 3 degrees. Also used offshore by State Geological Surveys. Not used offshore in oil industry. See CRS code 5678 for variant with axes order reversed to easting before northing for use in GIS applications.

Area of use: Germany - former West Germany onshore between 10°30'E and 13°30'E - states of Bayern, Berlin, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: northing, easting (X,Y). Orientations: north, east. UoM: m.

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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

PROJCS["DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",
    GEOGCS["DHDN",
        DATUM["Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",
            SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],
            EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","BETA2007.gsb"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4314"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",12],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",4500000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","31468"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[
    SOURCECRS[
        PROJCRS["DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",
            BASEGEOGCRS["DHDN",
                DATUM["Deutsches Hauptdreiecksnetz",
                    ELLIPSOID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,
                        LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
                PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                ID["EPSG",4314]],
            CONVERSION["3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",
                METHOD["Transverse Mercator",
                    ID["EPSG",9807]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8801]],
                PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",12,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8802]],
                PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",1,
                    SCALEUNIT["unity",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8805]],
                PARAMETER["False easting",4500000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8806]],
                PARAMETER["False northing",0,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
                    ID["EPSG",8807]]],
            CS[Cartesian,2],
                AXIS["northing (X)",north,
                    ORDER[1],
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                AXIS["easting (Y)",east,
                    ORDER[2],
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Cadastre, engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
                AREA["Germany - former West Germany onshore between 10°30'E and 13°30'E - states of Bayern, Berlin, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein."],
                BBOX[47.39,10.5,54.59,13.51]],
            ID["EPSG",31468]]],
    TARGETCRS[
        GEOGCRS["WGS 84",
            ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],
                ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],
            PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            CS[ellipsoidal,2],
                AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,
                    ORDER[1],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,
                    ORDER[2],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],
                AREA["World."],
                BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],
            ID["EPSG",4326]]],
    ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["DHDN to WGS 84 (4)",
        METHOD["NTv2",
            ID["EPSG",9615]],
        PARAMETERFILE["Latitude and longitude difference file","BETA2007.gsb"],
        USAGE[
            SCOPE["(null/copy) Approximation for medium and low accuracy applications assuming equality between plate-fixed static and earth-fixed dynamic CRSs, ignoring static/dynamic CRS differences."],
            AREA["Germany - onshore - states of Baden-Wurtemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringen."],
            BBOX[47.27,5.86,55.09,15.04]],
        ID["EPSG",15949],
        REMARK["These parameter values are taken from DHDN to ETRS89 (8) (code 15948) as ETRS89 may be considered equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of the transformation."]]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

PROJCS["DHDN_3_Degree_Gauss_Zone_4",
    GEOGCS["GCS_Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",
        DATUM["D_Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",
            SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],
            EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","BETA2007.gsb"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
        UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Gauss_Kruger"],
    PARAMETER["False_Easting",4500000.0],
    PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],
    PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",12.0],
    PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],
    PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],
    UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=12 +k=1 +x_0=4500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:31468","+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=12 +k=1 +x_0=4500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "DHDN",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "Deutsches Hauptdreiecksnetz",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "Bessel 1841",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6377397.155,
                    "inverse_flattening": 299.1528128
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4314
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 12,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 1,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 4500000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "X",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "metre"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "Y",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "metre"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 31468
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1166
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1152
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1153
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1154
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1155
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1156
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1309
                    }
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 6326
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "DHDN to WGS 84 (4)",
        "method": {
            "name": "NTv2",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9615
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude and longitude difference file",
                "value": "BETA2007.gsb",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8656
                }
            }
        ],
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 15949
        }
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

31468=PROJCS["DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",GEOGCS["DHDN",DATUM["Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","BETA2007.gsb"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4314"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",12],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",4500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","31468"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=tmerc"
	"lat_0=0"
	"lon_0=12"
	"k=1"
	"x_0=4500000"
	"y_0=0"
	"ellps=bessel"
	"nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=12 +k=1 +x_0=4500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=12 +k=1 +x_0=4500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 31468, 'EPSG', 31468, '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=12 +k=1 +x_0=4500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +nadgrids=BETA2007.gsb +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["DHDN / 3-degree Gauss-Kruger zone 4",GEOGCS["DHDN",DATUM["Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],EXTENSION["PROJ4_GRIDS","BETA2007.gsb"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4314"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",12],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",4500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","31468"]]');