EPSG:32034

NAD27 / South Dakota North

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326

Selected transformation

Method: NADCON

Grid Files: alaska.las alaska.los

Remarks: Parameter files are from NAD27 to NAD83 (2) (code 1243) assuming that NAD83 is equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of this tfm. Uses NADCON method which expects longitudes positive west; EPSG CRS codes 4267 and 4326 have longitudes positive east.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2021-09-10

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Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[
    SOURCECRS[
        PROJCRS["NAD27 / South Dakota North",
            BASEGEOGCRS["NAD27",
                DATUM["North American Datum 1927",
                    ELLIPSOID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.978698213898,
                        LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
                PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                ID["EPSG",4267]],
            CONVERSION["South Dakota CS27 North zone",
                METHOD["Lambert Conic Conformal (2SP)",
                    ID["EPSG",9802]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of false origin",43.8333333333333,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8821]],
                PARAMETER["Longitude of false origin",-100,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8822]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of 1st standard parallel",44.4166666666667,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8823]],
                PARAMETER["Latitude of 2nd standard parallel",45.6833333333333,
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
                    ID["EPSG",8824]],
                PARAMETER["Easting at false origin",2000000,
                    LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],
                    ID["EPSG",8826]],
                PARAMETER["Northing at false origin",0,
                    LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],
                    ID["EPSG",8827]]],
            CS[Cartesian,2],
                AXIS["easting (X)",east,
                    ORDER[1],
                    LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219]],
                AXIS["northing (Y)",north,
                    ORDER[2],
                    LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
                AREA["United States (USA) - South Dakota - counties of Beadle; Brookings; Brown; Butte; Campbell; Clark; Codington; Corson; Day; Deuel; Dewey; Edmunds; Faulk; Grant; Hamlin; Hand; Harding; Hyde; Kingsbury; Lawrence; Marshall; McPherson; Meade; Perkins; Potter; Roberts; Spink; Sully; Walworth; Ziebach."],
                BBOX[44.14,-104.07,45.95,-96.45]],
            ID["EPSG",32034]]],
    TARGETCRS[
        GEOGCRS["WGS 84",
            ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],
                MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],
                ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                    LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
                ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],
            PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
                ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            CS[ellipsoidal,2],
                AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,
                    ORDER[1],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
                AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,
                    ORDER[2],
                    ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
            USAGE[
                SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],
                AREA["World."],
                BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],
            ID["EPSG",4326]]],
    ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["NAD27 to WGS 84 (85)",
        METHOD["NADCON",
            ID["EPSG",9613]],
        PARAMETERFILE["Latitude difference file","alaska.las"],
        PARAMETERFILE["Longitude difference file","alaska.los"],
        USAGE[
            SCOPE["(null/copy) Approximation for medium and low accuracy applications assuming equality between plate-fixed static and earth-fixed dynamic CRSs, ignoring static/dynamic CRS differences."],
            AREA["United States (USA) - Alaska including EEZ."],
            BBOX[47.88,167.65,74.71,-129.99]],
        ID["EPSG",15864],
        REMARK["Parameter files are from NAD27 to NAD83 (2) (code 1243) assuming that NAD83 is equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of this tfm. Uses NADCON method which expects longitudes positive west; EPSG CRS codes 4267 and 4326 have longitudes positive east."]]]

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "NAD27 / South Dakota North",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "NAD27",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "North American Datum 1927",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "Clarke 1866",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6378206.4,
                    "semi_minor_axis": 6356583.8
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4267
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "South Dakota CS27 North zone",
            "method": {
                "name": "Lambert Conic Conformal (2SP)",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9802
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of false origin",
                    "value": 43.8333333333333,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8821
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of false origin",
                    "value": -100,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8822
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of 1st standard parallel",
                    "value": 44.4166666666667,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8823
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of 2nd standard parallel",
                    "value": 45.6833333333333,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8824
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Easting at false origin",
                    "value": 2000000,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8826
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing at false origin",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8827
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "X",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "Y",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 32034
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1166
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1152
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1153
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1154
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1155
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1156
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 1309
                    }
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 6326
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "NAD27 to WGS 84 (85)",
        "method": {
            "name": "NADCON",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9613
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude difference file",
                "value": "alaska.las",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8657
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Longitude difference file",
                "value": "alaska.los",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8658
                }
            }
        ],
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 15864
        }
    }
}

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 32034, 'EPSG', 32034, 'None', 'None');