EPSG:3857

WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator -- Spherical Mercator, Google Maps, OpenStreetMap, Bing, ArcGIS, ESRI

This is projected coordinate system used for rendering maps in Google Maps, OpenStreetMap, etc. For details see Tile system.

Alternatives codes : 900913 3587 54004 41001 102113 102100 3785

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: WGS 84

Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble

Data source: EPSG

Information source: Microsoft.

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Scope: Web mapping and visualisation.

Remarks: Not a recognised geodetic system. Uses spherical development of ellipsoidal coordinates. Relative to WGS 84 / World Mercator (CRS code 3395) gives errors of 0.7 percent in scale and differences in northing of up to 43km in the map (21km on the ground).

Area of use: World between 85.06°S and 85.06°N.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (X,Y). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
0.0 0.0

Projected bounds:
-20026376.39 -20048966.1
20026376.39 20048966.1

WGS84 bounds:
-180.0 -85.06
180.0 85.06

World between 85.06°S and 85.06°N.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",
    GEOGCS["WGS 84",
        DATUM["WGS_1984",
            SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],
    PROJECTION["Mercator_1SP"],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",0],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",0],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["metre",1],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    EXTENSION["PROJ4","+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs"],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","3857"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["WGS_1984_Web_Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere",GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137.0,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",0.0],PARAMETER["Standard_Parallel_1",0.0],PARAMETER["Auxiliary_Sphere_Type",0.0],UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:3857","+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.4/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "ProjectedCRS",
    "name": "WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",
    "base_crs": {
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum": {
            "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984",
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "conversion": {
        "name": "unnamed",
        "method": {
            "name": "Popular Visualisation Pseudo Mercator",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 1024
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8801
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8802
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False easting",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8806
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False northing",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8807
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "coordinate_system": {
        "subtype": "Cartesian",
        "axis": [
            {
                "name": "Easting",
                "abbreviation": "X",
                "direction": "east",
                "unit": "metre"
            },
            {
                "name": "Northing",
                "abbreviation": "Y",
                "direction": "north",
                "unit": "metre"
            }
        ]
    },
    "scope": "Web mapping and visualisation.",
    "area": "World between 85.06°S and 85.06°N.",
    "bbox": {
        "south_latitude": -85.06,
        "west_longitude": -180,
        "north_latitude": 85.06,
        "east_longitude": 180
    },
    "id": {
        "authority": "EPSG",
        "code": 3857
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

3857=PROJCS["WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Mercator_1SP"],PARAMETER["central_meridian",0],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],EXTENSION["PROJ4","+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs"],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3857"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=merc"
	"a=6378137"
	"b=6378137"
	"lat_ts=0"
	"lon_0=0"
	"x_0=0"
	"y_0=0"
	"k=1"
	"units=m"
	"nadgrids=@null"
	"wktext"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 3857, 'EPSG', 3857, '+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Mercator_1SP"],PARAMETER["central_meridian",0],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],EXTENSION["PROJ4","+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs"],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3857"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Mercator_1SP"],PARAMETER["central_meridian",0],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",0],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],EXTENSION["PROJ4","+proj=merc +a=6378137 +b=6378137 +lat_ts=0 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k=1 +units=m +nadgrids=@null +wktext +no_defs"],AUTHORITY["EPSG","3857"]]

Definition: OGC WKT 2 (2019)

PROJCRS["WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator",BASEGEOGCRS["WGS 84",DATUM["World Geodetic System 1984",ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],ID["EPSG",4326]],CONVERSION["unnamed",METHOD["Popular Visualisation Pseudo Mercator",ID["EPSG",1024]],PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8801]],PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8802]],PARAMETER["False easting",0,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8806]],PARAMETER["False northing",0,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8807]]],CS[Cartesian,2],AXIS["easting (X)",east,ORDER[1],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],AXIS["northing (Y)",north,ORDER[2],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],USAGE[SCOPE["Web mapping and visualisation."],AREA["World between 85.06°S and 85.06°N."],BBOX[-85.06,-180,85.06,180]],ID["EPSG",3857]]