EPSG:4391

Kertau 1968 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid

Available transformations

Selected transformation

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Derived at 6 stations.

Information source: U.S. Defense Mapping Agency TR8350.2 September 1987.

Revision date: 2014-11-21

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: Kertau 1968

Datum: Kertau 1968

Ellipsoid: Everest 1830 Modified

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia. www.jupem.gov.my

Revision date: 2014-10-12

Scope: Cadastral survey.

Remarks: Replaced by GDM2000 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid (CRS code 3378).

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Area of use: Malaysia - West Malaysia - Negeri Sembilan and Melaka.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
84695.91768811 193478.80183456

Projected bounds:
-261756.98522022 -175787.34798968
427727.72693934 564767.92341665

WGS84 bounds:
99.59 1.13
105.82 7.81

Malaysia - West Malaysia onshore and offshore east coast; Singapore - onshore and offshore.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["unnamed",
    GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse",
        DATUM["unknown",
            SPHEROID["unnamed",6377304.063,300.8017000000015],
            TOWGS84[-11,851,5,0,0,0,0]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],
    UNIT["Meter",1],
    AUTHORITY["epsg","4391"]]
PROJCS["unnamed",
    GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse",
        DATUM["unknown",
            SPHEROID["unnamed",6377304.063,300.8017000000015],
            TOWGS84[-11,851,5,0,0,0,0]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],
    UNIT["Meter",1],
    AUTHORITY["epsg","4391"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["Cassini",GEOGCS["GCS_unnamed ellipse",DATUM["D_unknown",SPHEROID["Unknown",6377304.063,300.8017]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Cassini"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],UNIT["Meter",1],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=cass +lat_0=2.712283333333334 +lon_0=101.9411666666667 +x_0=-242.005 +y_0=-948.547 +a=6377304.063 +b=6356103.038993155 +towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4391","+proj=cass +lat_0=2.712283333333334 +lon_0=101.9411666666667 +x_0=-242.005 +y_0=-948.547 +a=6377304.063 +b=6356103.038993155 +towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-4391">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:informationSource>Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia. www.jupem.gov.my</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2014-10-12</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2009.041" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4391</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Kertau 1968 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaced by GDM2000 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid (CRS code 3378).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3377" />
   <gml:scope>Cadastral survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::4115" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4245" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4400" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-4391">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:informationSource>Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia. www.jupem.gov.my</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2014-10-12</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2009.041" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4391</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Kertau 1968 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaced by GDM2000 / Sembilan and Melaka Grid (CRS code 3378).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::3377" />
   <gml:scope>Cadastral survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::4115" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4245" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4400" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs8701" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>unnamed</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:epsg::">4391</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs8702">
      <gml:srsName>unnamed ellipse</gml:srsName>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs8703">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8704" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8705" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs8706">
          <gml:datumName>unknown</gml:datumName>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs8707">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs8708">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>unnamed</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6377304.063</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">300.8017000000015</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs8709" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs8710">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8711" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8712" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs8701" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>unnamed</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:epsg::">4391</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs8702">
      <gml:srsName>unnamed ellipse</gml:srsName>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs8703">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8704" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8705" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs8706">
          <gml:datumName>unknown</gml:datumName>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs8707">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs8708">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>unnamed</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6377304.063</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">300.8017000000015</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs8709" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs8710">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8711" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs8712" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

4391=PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["unnamed",6377304.063,300.8017000000015],TOWGS84[-11,851,5,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","4391"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=cass"
	"lat_0=2.712283333333334"
	"lon_0=101.9411666666667"
	"x_0=-242.005"
	"y_0=-948.547"
	"a=6377304.063"
	"b=6356103.038993155"
	"towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=2.712283333333334 +lon_0=101.9411666666667 +x_0=-242.005 +y_0=-948.547 +a=6377304.063 +b=6356103.038993155 +towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=2.712283333333334 +lon_0=101.9411666666667 +x_0=-242.005 +y_0=-948.547 +a=6377304.063 +b=6356103.038993155 +towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4391, 'EPSG', 4391, '+proj=cass +lat_0=2.712283333333334 +lon_0=101.9411666666667 +x_0=-242.005 +y_0=-948.547 +a=6377304.063 +b=6356103.038993155 +towgs84=-11,851,5,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["unnamed",6377304.063,300.8017000000015],TOWGS84[-11,851,5,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","4391"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["unnamed",GEOGCS["unnamed ellipse",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["unnamed",6377304.063,300.8017000000015],TOWGS84[-11,851,5,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",2.712283333333334],PARAMETER["central_meridian",101.9411666666667],PARAMETER["false_easting",-242.005],PARAMETER["false_northing",-948.547],UNIT["Meter",1],AUTHORITY["epsg","4391"]]

Definition: USGS

[0, 0, (6377304.063, 6356103.038993155, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), -1]