EPSG:5646

NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326

Selected transformation

Method: Geocentric translations (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Derived at 354 stations. Accuracy 2m in each axis.

Information source: U.S. Defense Mapping Agency TR8350.2 revision of August 1993.

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Attributes

Unit: US survey foot

Geodetic CRS: NAD83

Datum: North American Datum 1983

Ellipsoid: GRS 1980

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Information source: National Geodetic Survey

Revision date: 2011-12-22

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: State law defines system in US survey feet. Federal definition is metric - see code 32145. For applications with an accuracy of better than 3 feet, replaced by NAD83(HARN) / SPCS.

Area of use: United States (USA) - Vermont - counties of Addison; Bennington; Caledonia; Chittenden; Essex; Franklin; Grand Isle; Lamoille; Orange; Orleans; Rutland; Washington; Windham; Windsor.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (X,Y). Orientations: east, north. UoM: ftUS.

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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",
    GEOGCS["NAD83",
        DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983",
            SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101],
            TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",42.5],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-72.5],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.999964286],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",1640416.6667],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","5646"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["NAD_1983_StatePlane_Vermont_FIPS_4400_Feet",GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1983",DATUM["D_North_American_1983",SPHEROID["GRS_1980",6378137.0,298.257222101]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",1640416.6667],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",-72.5],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",0.999964286],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",42.5],UNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=42.5 +lon_0=-72.5 +k=0.999964286 +x_0=500000.00001016 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=us-ft +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:5646","+proj=tmerc +lat_0=42.5 +lon_0=-72.5 +k=0.999964286 +x_0=500000.00001016 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=us-ft +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.4/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "NAD83",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "North American Datum 1983",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "GRS 1980",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                    "inverse_flattening": 298.257222101
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4269
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "SPCS83 Vermont zone (US Survey feet)",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 42.5,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": -72.5,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 0.999964286,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 1640416.6667,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    },
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "X",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "Y",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": {
                        "type": "LinearUnit",
                        "name": "US survey foot",
                        "conversion_factor": 0.304800609601219
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 5646
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0"
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "Transformation from unknown to WGS84",
        "method": {
            "name": "Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9606
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "X-axis translation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8605
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis translation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8606
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis translation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8607
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "X-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8608
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8609
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis rotation",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8610
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Scale difference",
                "value": 0,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "ScaleUnit",
                    "name": "parts per million",
                    "conversion_factor": 1e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8611
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

5646=PROJCS["NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",GEOGCS["NAD83",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",42.5],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-72.5],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.999964286],PARAMETER["false_easting",1640416.6667],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","5646"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=tmerc"
	"lat_0=42.5"
	"lon_0=-72.5"
	"k=0.999964286"
	"x_0=500000.00001016"
	"y_0=0"
	"ellps=GRS80"
	"towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0"
	"units=us-ft"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=42.5 +lon_0=-72.5 +k=0.999964286 +x_0=500000.00001016 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=us-ft +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=42.5 +lon_0=-72.5 +k=0.999964286 +x_0=500000.00001016 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=us-ft +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 5646, 'EPSG', 5646, '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=42.5 +lon_0=-72.5 +k=0.999964286 +x_0=500000.00001016 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=us-ft +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",GEOGCS["NAD83",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",42.5],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-72.5],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.999964286],PARAMETER["false_easting",1640416.6667],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","5646"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",GEOGCS["NAD83",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",42.5],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-72.5],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.999964286],PARAMETER["false_easting",1640416.6667],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","5646"]]

Definition: OGC WKT 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[SOURCECRS[PROJCRS["NAD83 / Vermont (ftUS)",BASEGEOGCRS["NAD83",DATUM["North American Datum 1983",ELLIPSOID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],ID["EPSG",4269]],CONVERSION["SPCS83 Vermont zone (US Survey feet)",METHOD["Transverse Mercator",ID["EPSG",9807]],PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",42.5,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8801]],PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",-72.5,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8802]],PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",0.999964286,SCALEUNIT["unity",1],ID["EPSG",8805]],PARAMETER["False easting",1640416.6667,LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],ID["EPSG",8806]],PARAMETER["False northing",0,LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219],ID["EPSG",8807]]],CS[Cartesian,2],AXIS["easting (X)",east,ORDER[1],LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219]],AXIS["northing (Y)",north,ORDER[2],LENGTHUNIT["US survey foot",0.304800609601219]],USAGE[SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],AREA["United States (USA) - Vermont - counties of Addison; Bennington; Caledonia; Chittenden; Essex; Franklin; Grand Isle; Lamoille; Orange; Orleans; Rutland; Washington; Windham; Windsor."],BBOX[42.72,-73.44,45.03,-71.5]],ID["EPSG",5646]]],TARGETCRS[GEOGCRS["WGS 84",ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],CS[ellipsoidal,2],AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,ORDER[1],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,ORDER[2],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],USAGE[SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],AREA["World."],BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],ID["EPSG",4326]]],ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["Transformation from unknown to WGS84",METHOD["Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",ID["EPSG",9606]],PARAMETER["X-axis translation",0,ID["EPSG",8605]],PARAMETER["Y-axis translation",0,ID["EPSG",8606]],PARAMETER["Z-axis translation",0,ID["EPSG",8607]],PARAMETER["X-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8608]],PARAMETER["Y-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8609]],PARAMETER["Z-axis rotation",0,ID["EPSG",8610]],PARAMETER["Scale difference",1,ID["EPSG",8611]]]]