EPSG:9659

Geographic3D to 2D conversion

Attributes

Data source: OGP

Information source: EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org

Revision date: 2015-05-22

Remarks: This is a parameter-less conversion.

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Definition: OGP XML

<div class="syntax"><pre><span class="cp">&lt;?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;UTF-8&quot;?&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:OperationMethod</span> <span class="na">xmlns:epsg=</span><span class="s">&quot;urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset&quot;</span> <span class="na">xmlns:gml=</span><span class="s">&quot;http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2&quot;</span> <span class="na">xmlns:xlink=</span><span class="s">&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink&quot;</span> <span class="na">gml:id=</span><span class="s">&quot;iogp-method-9659&quot;</span><span class="nt">&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:metaDataProperty&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:CommonMetaData&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:informationSource&gt;</span>EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:informationSource&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:revisionDate&gt;</span>2015-05-22<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:revisionDate&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:changes&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:changeID</span> <span class="na">xlink:href=</span><span class="s">&quot;urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2015.018&quot;</span> <span class="nt">/&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:changes&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:show&gt;</span>true<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:show&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:isDeprecated&gt;</span>false<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:isDeprecated&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:CommonMetaData&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/gml:metaDataProperty&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:metaDataProperty&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:CoordinateOperationMethodMetaData&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:isOperationReversible&gt;</span>true<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:isOperationReversible&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;epsg:example&gt;</span>(none)<span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:example&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/epsg:CoordinateOperationMethodMetaData&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/gml:metaDataProperty&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:identifier</span> <span class="na">codeSpace=</span><span class="s">&quot;IOGP&quot;</span><span class="nt">&gt;</span>urn:ogc:def:method:EPSG::9659<span class="nt">&lt;/gml:identifier&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:name&gt;</span>Geographic3D to 2D conversion<span class="nt">&lt;/gml:name&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:remarks&gt;</span>This is a parameter-less conversion.<span class="nt">&lt;/gml:remarks&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;gml:formula&gt;</span>Note: These formulas have been transcribed from EPSG Guidance Note #7-2. Users are encouraged to use that document rather than the text which follows as reference because limitations in the transcription will be avoided. The forward case is trivial. A 3-dimensional geographic coordinate reference system comprising of geodetic latitude, geodetic longitude and ellipsoidal height is converted to its 2-dimensional subset by the simple expedient of dropping the height. The axis order change operates on coordinates of a point whose order change is described by the following matrix operation: [Derived CRS 1st coordinate] [1 0 0] [Base CRS 1st coordinate] [Derived CRS 2nd coordinate] = [0 1 0] * [Base CRS 2nd coordinate] [Derived CRS 3rd coordinate] [0 0 0] [Base CRS 3rd coordinate] The reverse conversion, from 2D to 3D, is indeterminate. It is however a requirement when a geographic 2D coordinate reference system is to be transformed using a geocentric method which is 3-dimensional. In practice an artificial ellipsoidal height is created and appended to the geographic 2D coordinate reference system to create a geographic 3D coordinate reference system referenced to the same geodetic datum. The assumed ellipsoidal height is usually either set to the gravity-related height of a position in a compound coordinate reference system, or set to zero. As long as the height chosen is within a few kilometres of sea level, no error will be induced into the horizontal position resulting from the later geocentric transformation; the vertical coordinate will however be meaningless.<span class="nt">&lt;/gml:formula&gt;</span> <span class="nt">&lt;/gml:OperationMethod&gt;</span> </pre></div>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:OperationMethod xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="iogp-method-9659">
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CommonMetaData>
      <epsg:informationSource>EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org</epsg:informationSource>
      <epsg:revisionDate>2015-05-22</epsg:revisionDate>
      <epsg:changes>
        <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2015.018" />
      </epsg:changes>
      <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
      <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
    </epsg:CommonMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:metaDataProperty>
    <epsg:CoordinateOperationMethodMetaData>
      <epsg:isOperationReversible>true</epsg:isOperationReversible>
      <epsg:example>(none)</epsg:example>
    </epsg:CoordinateOperationMethodMetaData>
  </gml:metaDataProperty>
  <gml:identifier codeSpace="IOGP">urn:ogc:def:method:EPSG::9659</gml:identifier>
  <gml:name>Geographic3D to 2D conversion</gml:name>
  <gml:remarks>This is a parameter-less conversion.</gml:remarks>
  <gml:formula>Note: These formulas have been transcribed from EPSG Guidance Note #7-2. Users are encouraged to use that document rather than the text which follows as reference because limitations in the transcription will be avoided.

The forward case is trivial. A 3-dimensional geographic coordinate reference system comprising of geodetic latitude, geodetic longitude and ellipsoidal height is converted to its 2-dimensional subset by the simple expedient of dropping the height. The axis order change operates on coordinates of a point whose order change is described by the following matrix operation:

[Derived CRS 1st coordinate]   [1  0  0]   [Base CRS 1st coordinate]
[Derived CRS 2nd coordinate] = [0  1  0] * [Base CRS 2nd coordinate]
[Derived CRS 3rd coordinate]   [0  0  0]   [Base CRS 3rd coordinate]


The reverse conversion, from 2D to 3D, is indeterminate. It is however a requirement when a geographic 2D coordinate reference system is to be transformed using a geocentric method which is 3-dimensional. In practice an artificial ellipsoidal height is created and appended to the geographic 2D coordinate reference system to create a geographic 3D coordinate reference system referenced to the same geodetic datum. The assumed ellipsoidal height is usually either set to the gravity-related height of a position in a compound coordinate reference system, or set to zero. As long as the height chosen is within a few kilometres of sea level, no error will be induced into the horizontal position resulting from the later geocentric transformation; the vertical coordinate will however be meaningless.</gml:formula>
</gml:OperationMethod>