Geographic3D to GravityRelatedHeight (EGM)


Data source: EPSG

Information source: EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org

Revision date: 2021-09-08

Remarks: Applies to EGM84 and EGM96 models. For later model see Geographic3D to GravityRelatedHeight (EGM2008), method code 1025.


This transformation involves the application of a geoid-ellipsoid separation value interpolated from a geoid model. The model provides separation values at the nodes on a regular grid of latitude and longitude intersection points. The geodetic latitude and longitude used to interpolate within the grid are not affected by this transformation.

The grid is referenced to a specific geographic CRS (the horizontal component of the source CRS) and interpolation must be made in the latitude and longitude of this system.

Calculation of the separation is achieved through a bi-linear interpolation of the grid, using the latitude and longitude of the point. This step provides the geoid-ellipsoid separation (N) above the ellipsoid of the source Geographic 3D CRS.

           H = h - N

where h = the height above the ellipsoid in the source geographic 3D CRS
and   H = the gravity-related height in the target vertical CRS.
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