EPSG:31257

MGI / Austria GK M28

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: MGI

Datum: Militar-Geographische Institut

Ellipsoid: Bessel 1841

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Information source: Bundesamt fur Eich- und Vermessungswesen; Wien

Revision date: 2007-02-02

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: MGI / Austria M28 (CRS code 31284) with reduced northing.

Area of use: Austria west of 11°50'E of Greenwich (29°30'E of Ferro).

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: northing, easting (X,Y). Orientations: north, east. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
894725.46 -234082.65

Projected bounds:
824984.99 -340593.88
961996.25 -126628.92

WGS84 bounds:
18.45 41.79
20.38 43.56

Montenegro - onshore.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["MGI / Austria GK M28",
    GEOGCS["MGI",
        DATUM["Militar-Geographische_Institut",
            SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],
            TOWGS84[408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.060626]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4312"]],
    PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",10.3333333333333],
    PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",150000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",-5000000],
    UNIT["metre",1],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","31257"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["MGI_Austria_GK_M28",GEOGCS["GCS_MGI",DATUM["D_MGI",SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",150000.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",-5000000.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",10.3333333333333],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=10.3333333333333 +k=1 +x_0=150000 +y_0=-5000000 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:31257","+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=10.3333333333333 +k=1 +x_0=150000 +y_0=-5000000 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.4/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "BoundCRS",
    "source_crs": {
        "type": "ProjectedCRS",
        "name": "MGI / Austria GK M28",
        "base_crs": {
            "name": "MGI",
            "datum": {
                "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
                "name": "Militar-Geographische Institut",
                "ellipsoid": {
                    "name": "Bessel 1841",
                    "semi_major_axis": 6377397.155,
                    "inverse_flattening": 299.1528128
                }
            },
            "coordinate_system": {
                "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
                "axis": [
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lat",
                        "direction": "north",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                        "abbreviation": "Lon",
                        "direction": "east",
                        "unit": "degree"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 4312
            }
        },
        "conversion": {
            "name": "Austria Gauss-Kruger M28",
            "method": {
                "name": "Transverse Mercator",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 9807
                }
            },
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 0,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8801
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                    "value": 10.3333333333333,
                    "unit": "degree",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8802
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "Scale factor at natural origin",
                    "value": 1,
                    "unit": "unity",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8805
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False easting",
                    "value": 150000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8806
                    }
                },
                {
                    "name": "False northing",
                    "value": -5000000,
                    "unit": "metre",
                    "id": {
                        "authority": "EPSG",
                        "code": 8807
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "Cartesian",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Northing",
                    "abbreviation": "X",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "metre"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Easting",
                    "abbreviation": "Y",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "metre"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 31257
        }
    },
    "target_crs": {
        "type": "GeographicCRS",
        "name": "WGS 84",
        "datum_ensemble": {
            "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",
            "members": [
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"
                },
                {
                    "name": "World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"
                }
            ],
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "WGS 84",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378137,
                "inverse_flattening": 298.257223563
            },
            "accuracy": "2.0"
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4326
        }
    },
    "transformation": {
        "name": "Transformation from unknown to WGS84",
        "method": {
            "name": "Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9606
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "X-axis translation",
                "value": 408.0895,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8605
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis translation",
                "value": -288.9616,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8606
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis translation",
                "value": 791.5498,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8607
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "X-axis rotation",
                "value": -4.078662,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8608
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Y-axis rotation",
                "value": 0.022669,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8609
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Z-axis rotation",
                "value": 9.825424,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "AngularUnit",
                    "name": "arc-second",
                    "conversion_factor": 4.84813681109536e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8610
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Scale difference",
                "value": 94.0606260000365,
                "unit": {
                    "type": "ScaleUnit",
                    "name": "parts per million",
                    "conversion_factor": 1e-06
                },
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8611
                }
            }
        ]
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

31257=PROJCS["MGI / Austria GK M28",GEOGCS["MGI",DATUM["Militar-Geographische_Institut",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],TOWGS84[408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.060626]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4312"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",10.3333333333333],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",150000],PARAMETER["false_northing",-5000000],UNIT["metre",1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","31257"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=tmerc"
	"lat_0=0"
	"lon_0=10.3333333333333"
	"k=1"
	"x_0=150000"
	"y_0=-5000000"
	"ellps=bessel"
	"towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=10.3333333333333 +k=1 +x_0=150000 +y_0=-5000000 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=10.3333333333333 +k=1 +x_0=150000 +y_0=-5000000 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 31257, 'EPSG', 31257, '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=10.3333333333333 +k=1 +x_0=150000 +y_0=-5000000 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.0606260000365 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["MGI / Austria GK M28",GEOGCS["MGI",DATUM["Militar-Geographische_Institut",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],TOWGS84[408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.060626]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4312"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",10.3333333333333],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",150000],PARAMETER["false_northing",-5000000],UNIT["metre",1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","31257"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["MGI / Austria GK M28",GEOGCS["MGI",DATUM["Militar-Geographische_Institut",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128],TOWGS84[408.0895,-288.9616,791.5498,-4.078662,0.022669,9.825424,94.060626]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4312"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",10.3333333333333],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1],PARAMETER["false_easting",150000],PARAMETER["false_northing",-5000000],UNIT["metre",1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","31257"]]

Definition: OGC WKT 2 (2019)

BOUNDCRS[SOURCECRS[PROJCRS["MGI / Austria GK M28",BASEGEOGCRS["MGI",DATUM["Militar-Geographische Institut",ELLIPSOID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],ID["EPSG",4312]],CONVERSION["Austria Gauss-Kruger M28",METHOD["Transverse Mercator",ID["EPSG",9807]],PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8801]],PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",10.3333333333333,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8802]],PARAMETER["Scale factor at natural origin",1,SCALEUNIT["unity",1],ID["EPSG",8805]],PARAMETER["False easting",150000,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8806]],PARAMETER["False northing",-5000000,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],ID["EPSG",8807]]],CS[Cartesian,2],AXIS["northing (X)",north,ORDER[1],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],AXIS["easting (Y)",east,ORDER[2],LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],USAGE[SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],AREA["Austria west of 11°50'E of Greenwich (29°30'E of Ferro)."],BBOX[46.77,9.53,47.61,11.84]],ID["EPSG",31257]]],TARGETCRS[GEOGCRS["WGS 84",ENSEMBLE["World Geodetic System 1984 ensemble",MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (Transit)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G730)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G873)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1150)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1674)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G1762)"],MEMBER["World Geodetic System 1984 (G2139)"],ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],ENSEMBLEACCURACY[2.0]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],CS[ellipsoidal,2],AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,ORDER[1],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,ORDER[2],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],USAGE[SCOPE["Horizontal component of 3D system."],AREA["World."],BBOX[-90,-180,90,180]],ID["EPSG",4326]]],ABRIDGEDTRANSFORMATION["Transformation from unknown to WGS84",METHOD["Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)",ID["EPSG",9606]],PARAMETER["X-axis translation",408.0895,ID["EPSG",8605]],PARAMETER["Y-axis translation",-288.9616,ID["EPSG",8606]],PARAMETER["Z-axis translation",791.5498,ID["EPSG",8607]],PARAMETER["X-axis rotation",-4.078662,ID["EPSG",8608]],PARAMETER["Y-axis rotation",0.022669,ID["EPSG",8609]],PARAMETER["Z-axis rotation",9.825424,ID["EPSG",8610]],PARAMETER["Scale difference",1.000094060626,ID["EPSG",8611]]]]