EPSG:32028

NAD27 / Pennsylvania North

Available transformations

Selected transformation

Method: NADCON

Remarks: Transformation taken from NAD27 to NAD83 (2) (code 1243) assuming that NAD83 is equivalent to WGS 84 within the accuracy of this tfm. Uses NADCON method which expects longitudes positive west; EPSG CRS codes 4267 and 4326 have longitudes positive east.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 2014-07-28

Center coordinates
-11410979.99256667 14884659.49482398

Projected bounds:
-18741645.25607567 18967404.04995884
-4049338.24414492 15427917.44433925

WGS84 bounds:
167.65 47.88
-129.99 74.71

United States (USA) - Alaska including EEZ.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",
    GEOGCS["NAD27",
        DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]
PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",
    GEOGCS["NAD27",
        DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["NAD27_Pennsylvania_North",GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1927",DATUM["D_North_American_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Foot_US",0.30480060960121924]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:32028","+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-32028">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD27 / Pennsylvania N" code="1136" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:revisionDate>1995-06-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::32028</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2245" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::13701" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4267" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4497" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-32028">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD27 / Pennsylvania N" code="1136" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:revisionDate>1995-06-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::32028</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2245" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::13701" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4267" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4497" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs327355" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">32028</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs327356">
      <gml:srsName>NAD27</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4267</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs327357">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327358" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327359" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs327360">
          <gml:datumName>North_American_Datum_1927</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6267</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs327361">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs327362">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1866</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7008</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378206.4</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">294.9786982139006</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs327363" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs327364">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327365" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327366" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs327355" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">32028</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs327356">
      <gml:srsName>NAD27</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4267</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs327357">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327358" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327359" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs327360">
          <gml:datumName>North_American_Datum_1927</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6267</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs327361">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs327362">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1866</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7008</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378206.4</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">294.9786982139006</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs327363" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs327364">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327365" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs327366" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

32028=PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=lcc"
	"lat_1=40.88333333333333"
	"lat_2=41.95"
	"lat_0=40.16666666666666"
	"lon_0=-77.75"
	"x_0=609601.2192024384"
	"y_0=0"
	"datum=NAD27"
	"units=us-ft"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 32028, 'EPSG', 32028, '+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: USGS

[4, 0, (0.0, 0.0, 40052060.0, 41057000.0, -77045000.0, 40009060.0, 609601.2192024384, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), 0]