EPSG:32028

NAD27 / Pennsylvania North

Available transformations

Selected transformation

Remarks: Approximation at the +/- 1m level assuming that NAD83 is equivalent to WGS 84. Superseded by NAD27 to WGS 84 (27) (code 8404) in Quebec and NAD27 to WGS 84 (26) (code 8245) elsewhere in Canada.

Information source: OGP

Revision date: 1998-11-11

Steps of transformation: 1312 1188

Center coordinates
-968988.09246225 8934137.70499934

Projected bounds:
-14183069.56000638 6141749.72981324
3370956.40887217 20414056.44152985

WGS84 bounds:
-141.01 40.04
-47.74 86.46

Canada - onshore and offshore - Alberta; British Columbia; Manitoba; New Brunswick; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Nova Scotia; Nunavut; Ontario; Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Saskatchewan; Yukon.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",
    GEOGCS["NAD27",
        DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]
PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",
    GEOGCS["NAD27",
        DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],
    PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],
    PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",0],
    UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],
    AXIS["X",EAST],
    AXIS["Y",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["NAD27_Pennsylvania_North",GEOGCS["GCS_North_American_1927",DATUM["D_North_American_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke_1866",6378206.4,294.9786982]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["Foot_US",0.30480060960121924]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:32028","+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-32028">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD27 / Pennsylvania N" code="1136" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:revisionDate>1995-06-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::32028</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2245" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::13701" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4267" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4497" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-32028">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="NAD27 / Pennsylvania N" code="1136" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:revisionDate>1995-06-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::32028</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::2245" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::13701" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4267" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4497" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs331939" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">32028</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs331940">
      <gml:srsName>NAD27</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4267</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs331941">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331942" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331943" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs331944">
          <gml:datumName>North_American_Datum_1927</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6267</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs331945">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs331946">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1866</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7008</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378206.4</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">294.9786982139006</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs331947" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs331948">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331949" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331950" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs331939" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>NAD27 / Pennsylvania North</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">32028</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs331940">
      <gml:srsName>NAD27</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4267</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs331941">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331942" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331943" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs331944">
          <gml:datumName>North_American_Datum_1927</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6267</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs331945">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs331946">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1866</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7008</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378206.4</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">294.9786982139006</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs331947" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs331948">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331949" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs331950" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

32028=PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=lcc"
	"lat_1=40.88333333333333"
	"lat_2=41.95"
	"lat_0=40.16666666666666"
	"lon_0=-77.75"
	"x_0=609601.2192024384"
	"y_0=0"
	"datum=NAD27"
	"units=us-ft"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 32028, 'EPSG', 32028, '+proj=lcc +lat_1=40.88333333333333 +lat_2=41.95 +lat_0=40.16666666666666 +lon_0=-77.75 +x_0=609601.2192024384 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD27 +units=us-ft +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["NAD27 / Pennsylvania North",GEOGCS["NAD27",DATUM["North_American_Datum_1927",SPHEROID["Clarke 1866",6378206.4,294.9786982139006,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7008"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6267"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4267"]],PROJECTION["Lambert_Conformal_Conic_2SP"],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_1",40.88333333333333],PARAMETER["standard_parallel_2",41.95],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",40.16666666666666],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-77.75],PARAMETER["false_easting",2000000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["US survey foot",0.3048006096012192,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9003"]],AXIS["X",EAST],AXIS["Y",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32028"]]

Definition: USGS

[4, 0, (0.0, 0.0, 40052060.0, 41057000.0, -77045000.0, 40009060.0, 609601.2192024384, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), 0]