EPSG:4281

Palestine 1923

Available transformations

Selected transformation

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Not recognised by Survey of Israel. See Palestine 1923 to WGS 84 (2) (code 8650).

Information source: Various industry sources

Revision date: 2011-01-25

Attributes

Unit: degree (supplier to define representation)

Geodetic CRS: Palestine 1923

Datum: Palestine 1923

Ellipsoid: Clarke 1880 (Benoit)

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Revision date: 2004-01-06

Center coordinates
34.92927881 31.36463394

WGS84 bounds:
34.17 29.45
35.69 33.28

Israel - onshore; Palestine Territory - onshore.
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Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
    DATUM["Palestine_1923",
        SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],
        TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]
GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
    DATUM["Palestine_1923",
        SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],
        TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["D_Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke_1880_Benoit",6378300.789,293.4663155389802]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4281","+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-4281">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2004-01-06</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4281</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Palestine 1923</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1356" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6281" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeodeticCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="epsg-crs-4281">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>geographic 2D</epsg:type>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2004-01-06</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2003.370" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4281</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Palestine 1923</gml:name>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1356" />
   <gml:scope>Geodetic survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:ellipsoidalCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6422" />
   <gml:geodeticDatum xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::6281" />
</gml:GeodeticCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs1009162" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4281</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs1009163">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs1009164" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs1009165" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs1009166">
      <gml:datumName>Palestine_1923</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6281</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs1009167">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs1009168">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1880 (Benoit)</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7010</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378300.789</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">293.4663155389802</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs1009162" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4281</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
    <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs1009163">
      <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs1009164" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs1009165" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
          <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
  </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
  <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs1009166">
      <gml:datumName>Palestine_1923</gml:datumName>
      <gml:datumID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6281</gml:name>
      </gml:datumID>
      <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
        <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs1009167">
          <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
          <gml:meridianID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
          </gml:meridianID>
          <gml:greenwichLongitude>
            <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
          </gml:greenwichLongitude>
        </gml:PrimeMeridian>
      </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
      <gml:usesEllipsoid>
        <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs1009168">
          <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1880 (Benoit)</gml:ellipsoidName>
          <gml:ellipsoidID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7010</gml:name>
          </gml:ellipsoidID>
          <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378300.789</gml:semiMajorAxis>
          <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">293.4663155389802</gml:inverseFlattening>
          </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
        </gml:Ellipsoid>
      </gml:usesEllipsoid>
    </gml:GeodeticDatum>
  </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
</gml:GeographicCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

4281=GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=longlat"
	"a=6378300.789"
	"b=6356566.435"
	"towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4281, 'EPSG', 4281, '+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs ', 'GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]

Definition: USGS

[0, 0, (6378300.789, 6356566.435, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), -1]