EPSG:4281

Palestine 1923

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326
EPSG:4326 - WGS 84

Selected transformation

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Accuracy: 1m to north and 5m to south of east-west line through Beersheba (31°15'N). Not recognised by Survey of Israel. See Palestine 1923 to WGS 84 (2) (code 8650).

Information source: Various industry sources

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Attributes

Unit: degree (supplier to define representation)

Geodetic CRS: Palestine 1923

Datum: Palestine 1923

Ellipsoid: Clarke 1880 (Benoit)

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Revision date: 2004-01-06

Center coordinates
34.93 31.36

WGS84 bounds:
34.17 29.45
35.69 33.28

Israel - onshore; Palestine Territory - onshore.
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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
    DATUM["Palestine_1923",
        SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],
        TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
    UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

GEOGCRS["Palestine 1923",
    DATUM["Palestine 1923",
        ELLIPSOID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981,
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
        ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    CS[ellipsoidal,2],
        AXIS["geodetic latitude (Lat)",north,
            ORDER[1],
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
        AXIS["geodetic longitude (Lon)",east,
            ORDER[2],
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    USAGE[
        SCOPE["Geodesy."],
        AREA["Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore."],
        BBOX[29.18,34.17,33.38,39.31]],
    ID["EPSG",4281]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

GEOGCS["GCS_Palestine_1923",
    DATUM["D_Palestine_1923",
        SPHEROID["Clarke_1880_Benoit",6378300.789,293.466315538981]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
    UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:4281","+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "GeographicCRS",
    "name": "Palestine 1923",
    "datum": {
        "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
        "name": "Palestine 1923",
        "ellipsoid": {
            "name": "Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",
            "semi_major_axis": 6378300.789,
            "inverse_flattening": 293.466315538981
        }
    },
    "coordinate_system": {
        "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
        "axis": [
            {
                "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                "abbreviation": "Lat",
                "direction": "north",
                "unit": "degree"
            },
            {
                "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                "abbreviation": "Lon",
                "direction": "east",
                "unit": "degree"
            }
        ]
    },
    "scope": "Geodesy.",
    "area": "Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore.",
    "bbox": {
        "south_latitude": 29.18,
        "west_longitude": 34.17,
        "north_latitude": 33.38,
        "east_longitude": 39.31
    },
    "id": {
        "authority": "EPSG",
        "code": 4281
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

4281=GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=longlat"
	"a=6378300.789"
	"b=6356566.435"
	"towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 4281, 'EPSG', 4281, '+proj=longlat +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +no_defs +type=crs', 'GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]]');