EPSG:28191

Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid

Available transformations
to EPSG:4326
EPSG:4326 - WGS 84

Selected transformation

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Accuracy: 1m to north and 5m to south of east-west line through Beersheba (31°15'N). Not recognised by Survey of Israel. See Palestine 1923 to WGS 84 (2) (code 8650).

Information source: Various industry sources

Revision date: 2020-03-14

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: Palestine 1923

Datum: Palestine 1923

Ellipsoid: Clarke 1880 (Benoit)

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: EPSG

Information source: UK General Staff Geographic Service.

Revision date: 2010-11-02

Scope: Engineering survey, topographic mapping.

Remarks: Replaced by CRS 28192 (AMS use) and 28193 (in Israel).

Area of use: Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Center coordinates
143345.04 85938.41

Projected bounds:
69099.9 -126393.26
216561.8 298746.25

WGS84 bounds:
34.17 29.45
35.69 33.28

Israel - onshore; Palestine Territory - onshore.
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Definition: OGC Well Known Text

PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",
    GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
        DATUM["Palestine_1923",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],
            TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.7340969444444],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.2120805555556],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]

Definition: OGC Well Known Text 2 (2019)

PROJCRS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",
    BASEGEOGCRS["Palestine 1923",
        DATUM["Palestine 1923",
            ELLIPSOID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981,
                LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433]],
        ID["EPSG",4281]],
    CONVERSION["Palestine Grid",
        METHOD["Cassini-Soldner",
            ID["EPSG",9806]],
        PARAMETER["Latitude of natural origin",31.7340969444444,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
            ID["EPSG",8801]],
        PARAMETER["Longitude of natural origin",35.2120805555556,
            ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],
            ID["EPSG",8802]],
        PARAMETER["False easting",170251.555,
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
            ID["EPSG",8806]],
        PARAMETER["False northing",126867.909,
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1],
            ID["EPSG",8807]]],
    CS[Cartesian,2],
        AXIS["(E)",east,
            ORDER[1],
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
        AXIS["(N)",north,
            ORDER[2],
            LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],
    USAGE[
        SCOPE["Engineering survey, topographic mapping."],
        AREA["Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore."],
        BBOX[29.18,34.17,33.38,39.31]],
    ID["EPSG",28191]]

Definition: ESRI Well Known Text

PROJCS["Palestine_1923_Palestine_Grid",
    GEOGCS["GCS_Palestine_1923",
        DATUM["D_Palestine_1923",
            SPHEROID["Clarke_1880_Benoit",6378300.789,293.466315538981]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
        UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini"],
    PARAMETER["False_Easting",170251.555],
    PARAMETER["False_Northing",126867.909],
    PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",35.2120805555556],
    PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],
    PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",31.7340969444444],
    UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=cass +lat_0=31.7340969444444 +lon_0=35.2120805555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:28191","+proj=cass +lat_0=31.7340969444444 +lon_0=35.2120805555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs");

Definition: JSON

{
    "$schema": "https://proj.org/schemas/v0.5/projjson.schema.json",
    "type": "ProjectedCRS",
    "name": "Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",
    "base_crs": {
        "name": "Palestine 1923",
        "datum": {
            "type": "GeodeticReferenceFrame",
            "name": "Palestine 1923",
            "ellipsoid": {
                "name": "Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",
                "semi_major_axis": 6378300.789,
                "inverse_flattening": 293.466315538981
            }
        },
        "coordinate_system": {
            "subtype": "ellipsoidal",
            "axis": [
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic latitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lat",
                    "direction": "north",
                    "unit": "degree"
                },
                {
                    "name": "Geodetic longitude",
                    "abbreviation": "Lon",
                    "direction": "east",
                    "unit": "degree"
                }
            ]
        },
        "id": {
            "authority": "EPSG",
            "code": 4281
        }
    },
    "conversion": {
        "name": "Palestine Grid",
        "method": {
            "name": "Cassini-Soldner",
            "id": {
                "authority": "EPSG",
                "code": 9806
            }
        },
        "parameters": [
            {
                "name": "Latitude of natural origin",
                "value": 31.7340969444444,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8801
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "Longitude of natural origin",
                "value": 35.2120805555556,
                "unit": "degree",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8802
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False easting",
                "value": 170251.555,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8806
                }
            },
            {
                "name": "False northing",
                "value": 126867.909,
                "unit": "metre",
                "id": {
                    "authority": "EPSG",
                    "code": 8807
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "coordinate_system": {
        "subtype": "Cartesian",
        "axis": [
            {
                "name": "Easting",
                "abbreviation": "E",
                "direction": "east",
                "unit": "metre"
            },
            {
                "name": "Northing",
                "abbreviation": "N",
                "direction": "north",
                "unit": "metre"
            }
        ]
    },
    "scope": "Engineering survey, topographic mapping.",
    "area": "Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore.",
    "bbox": {
        "south_latitude": 29.18,
        "west_longitude": 34.17,
        "north_latitude": 33.38,
        "east_longitude": 39.31
    },
    "id": {
        "authority": "EPSG",
        "code": 28191
    }
}

Definition: GeoServer

28191=PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.7340969444444],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.2120805555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=cass"
	"lat_0=31.7340969444444"
	"lon_0=35.2120805555556"
	"x_0=170251.555"
	"y_0=126867.909"
	"a=6378300.789"
	"b=6356566.435"
	"towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
	"type=crs"
END

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=31.7340969444444 +lon_0=35.2120805555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=31.7340969444444 +lon_0=35.2120805555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 28191, 'EPSG', 28191, '+proj=cass +lat_0=31.7340969444444 +lon_0=35.2120805555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs +type=crs', 'PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.466315538981],TOWGS84[-275.7224,94.7824,340.8944,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.7340969444444],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.2120805555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]');