EPSG:28191

Projected coordinate system

Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid

Covered area

Center coordinates
143345.04 85938.41

Projected bounds:
69099.91 -125947.90
214689.82 298373.34

WGS84 bounds:
34.17 29.45
35.69 33.28

Available transformations:

Selected transformation

Israel - onshore; Palestine Territory - onshore.

code 1074

Accuracy 2.0 m (default)
7 parameters

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Remarks: Not recognised by Survey of Israel. See Palestine 1923 to WGS 84 (2) (code 8650).

Information source: Various industry sources

Revision date: 2011-01-25

Attributes

Unit: metre

Geodetic CRS: Palestine 1923

Datum: Palestine 1923

Ellipsoid: Clarke 1880 (Benoit)

Prime meridian: Greenwich

Data source: OGP

Information source: UK General Staff Geographic Service.

Revision date: 2010-11-02

Scope: Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.

Remarks: Replaced by CRS 28192 (AMS use) and 28193 (in Israel).

Method: Position Vector transformation (geog2D domain)

Area of use: Israel - onshore; Jordan; Palestine Territory - onshore.

Coordinate system: Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.

Definition: Well Known Text (WKT)

PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",
    GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
        DATUM["Palestine_1923",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],
            TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]
PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",
    GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",
        DATUM["Palestine_1923",
            SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,
                AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],
            TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],
        PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
        UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,
            AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],
    PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],
    PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],
    PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],
    PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],
    PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],
    UNIT["metre",1,
        AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],
    AXIS["Easting",EAST],
    AXIS["Northing",NORTH],
    AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]

Definition: ESRI WKT

PROJCS["Palestine_1923_Palestine_Grid",GEOGCS["GCS_Palestine 1923",DATUM["D_Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke_1880_Benoit",6378300.789,293.4663155389802]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["Degree",0.017453292519943295]],PROJECTION["Cassini"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["Meter",1],PARAMETER["scale_factor",1.0]]

Definition: PROJ.4

+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs 

Definition: JavaScript (Proj4js)

proj4.defs("EPSG:28191","+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs");

Definition: OGC GML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-28191">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="Palestine Grid" code="1003" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:informationSource>UK General Staff Geographic Service.</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2010-11-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2009.091" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::28191</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaced by CRS 28192 (AMS use) and 28193 (in Israel).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1356" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::18201" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4281" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4400" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS xmlns:epsg="urn:x-ogp:spec:schema-xsd:EPSG:1.0:dataset" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" gml:id="ogp-crs-28191">
   <gml:metaDataProperty>
      <epsg:CommonMetaData>
         <epsg:type>projected</epsg:type>
         <epsg:alias alias="Palestine Grid" code="1003" codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:naming-system:EPSG::7302" />
         <epsg:informationSource>UK General Staff Geographic Service.</epsg:informationSource>
         <epsg:revisionDate>2010-11-02</epsg:revisionDate>
         <epsg:changes>
            <epsg:changeID xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:change-request:EPSG::2009.091" />
         </epsg:changes>
         <epsg:show>true</epsg:show>
         <epsg:isDeprecated>false</epsg:isDeprecated>
      </epsg:CommonMetaData>
   </gml:metaDataProperty>
   <gml:identifier codeSpace="OGP">urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::28191</gml:identifier>
   <gml:name>Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid</gml:name>
   <gml:remarks>Replaced by CRS 28192 (AMS use) and 28193 (in Israel).</gml:remarks>
   <gml:domainOfValidity xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:area:EPSG::1356" />
   <gml:scope>Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey.</gml:scope>
   <gml:conversion xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:coordinateOperation:EPSG::18201" />
   <gml:baseGeodeticCRS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4281" />
   <gml:cartesianCS xlink:href="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::4400" />
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs37321" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">28191</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs37322">
      <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4281</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs37323">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37324" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37325" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs37326">
          <gml:datumName>Palestine_1923</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6281</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs37327">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs37328">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1880 (Benoit)</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7010</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378300.789</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">293.4663155389802</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs37329" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs37330">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37331" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37332" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 <gml:ProjectedCRS gml:id="ogrcrs37321" xmlns:gml="http://www.opengis.net/gml/3.2">
  <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid</gml:srsName>
  <gml:srsID>
    <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">28191</gml:name>
  </gml:srsID>
  <gml:baseCRS>
    <gml:GeographicCRS gml:id="ogrcrs37322">
      <gml:srsName>Palestine 1923</gml:srsName>
      <gml:srsID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::">4281</gml:name>
      </gml:srsID>
      <gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
        <gml:EllipsoidalCS gml:id="ogrcrs37323">
          <gml:csName>ellipsoidal</gml:csName>
          <gml:csID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">6402</gml:name>
          </gml:csID>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37324" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic latitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9901</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lat</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
          <gml:usesAxis>
            <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37325" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">
              <gml:name>Geodetic longitude</gml:name>
              <gml:axisID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9902</gml:name>
              </gml:axisID>
              <gml:axisAbbrev>Lon</gml:axisAbbrev>
              <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
            </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
          </gml:usesAxis>
        </gml:EllipsoidalCS>
      </gml:usesEllipsoidalCS>
      <gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
        <gml:GeodeticDatum gml:id="ogrcrs37326">
          <gml:datumName>Palestine_1923</gml:datumName>
          <gml:datumID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:datum:EPSG::">6281</gml:name>
          </gml:datumID>
          <gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
            <gml:PrimeMeridian gml:id="ogrcrs37327">
              <gml:meridianName>Greenwich</gml:meridianName>
              <gml:meridianID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:meridian:EPSG::">8901</gml:name>
              </gml:meridianID>
              <gml:greenwichLongitude>
                <gml:angle gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9102">0</gml:angle>
              </gml:greenwichLongitude>
            </gml:PrimeMeridian>
          </gml:usesPrimeMeridian>
          <gml:usesEllipsoid>
            <gml:Ellipsoid gml:id="ogrcrs37328">
              <gml:ellipsoidName>Clarke 1880 (Benoit)</gml:ellipsoidName>
              <gml:ellipsoidID>
                <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:ellipsoid:EPSG::">7010</gml:name>
              </gml:ellipsoidID>
              <gml:semiMajorAxis gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">6378300.789</gml:semiMajorAxis>
              <gml:secondDefiningParameter>
                <gml:inverseFlattening gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9201">293.4663155389802</gml:inverseFlattening>
              </gml:secondDefiningParameter>
            </gml:Ellipsoid>
          </gml:usesEllipsoid>
        </gml:GeodeticDatum>
      </gml:usesGeodeticDatum>
    </gml:GeographicCRS>
  </gml:baseCRS>
  <gml:definedByConversion>
    <gml:Conversion gml:id="ogrcrs37329" />
  </gml:definedByConversion>
  <gml:usesCartesianCS>
    <gml:CartesianCS gml:id="ogrcrs37330">
      <gml:csName>Cartesian</gml:csName>
      <gml:csID>
        <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::">4400</gml:name>
      </gml:csID>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37331" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Easting</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9906</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>E</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>east</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
      <gml:usesAxis>
        <gml:CoordinateSystemAxis gml:id="ogrcrs37332" gml:uom="urn:ogc:def:uom:EPSG::9001">
          <gml:name>Northing</gml:name>
          <gml:axisID>
            <gml:name gml:codeSpace="urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::">9907</gml:name>
          </gml:axisID>
          <gml:axisAbbrev>N</gml:axisAbbrev>
          <gml:axisDirection>north</gml:axisDirection>
        </gml:CoordinateSystemAxis>
      </gml:usesAxis>
    </gml:CartesianCS>
  </gml:usesCartesianCS>
</gml:ProjectedCRS>

Definition: GeoServer

28191=PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]

Definition: MapServer - MAPfile

PROJECTION
	"proj=cass"
	"lat_0=31.73409694444445"
	"lon_0=35.21208055555556"
	"x_0=170251.555"
	"y_0=126867.909"
	"a=6378300.789"
	"b=6356566.435"
	"towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1"
	"units=m"
	"no_defs"
END

Definition: MapServer - Python

wkt = '''PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]'''
m = mapObj('')
m.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())
lyr = layerObj(m)
lyr.setWKTProjection(ref.ExportToWkt())

Definition: Mapnik

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Map srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs">
	<Layer srs="+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs">
	</Layer>
</Map>

Definition: Mapnik - Python

proj4 = '+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs'
m = Map(256,256,proj4)
lyr = Layer('Name',proj4)

Definition: SQL (PostGIS)

INSERT into spatial_ref_sys (srid, auth_name, auth_srid, proj4text, srtext) values ( 28191, 'EPSG', 28191, '+proj=cass +lat_0=31.73409694444445 +lon_0=35.21208055555556 +x_0=170251.555 +y_0=126867.909 +a=6378300.789 +b=6356566.435 +towgs84=-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1 +units=m +no_defs ', 'PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]');

Definition: OGC WKT

PROJCS["Palestine 1923 / Palestine Grid",GEOGCS["Palestine 1923",DATUM["Palestine_1923",SPHEROID["Clarke 1880 (Benoit)",6378300.789,293.4663155389802,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7010"]],TOWGS84[-275.722,94.7824,340.894,-8.001,-4.42,-11.821,1],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6281"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4281"]],PROJECTION["Cassini_Soldner"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",31.73409694444445],PARAMETER["central_meridian",35.21208055555556],PARAMETER["false_easting",170251.555],PARAMETER["false_northing",126867.909],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28191"]]

Definition: USGS

[0, 0, (6378300.789, 6356566.435, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0), -1]